Communication Terms and Concepts
is the process of sharing meaning through continuous flow of symbolic
messages." (Froemling 5)
Communicator (Sender/receiver) - the participants
in communication. Typically the roles reverse regularly.
Message - a single
uninterrupted utterance. Verbal or nonverbal
Code - a system suitable for
creating/carrying messages through a specific medium
Channels (verbal, nonverbal,
etc.) - the specific mechanism (“pipeline”) used to transmit the message
television, web, phone, etc.) - form or technology of transmission
— determines kind of code used.
Noise - interference with message —
external (physical), internal (mental) or semantic
Environment (part of context) - that which surrounds
and provides a basis for the meaning of a message:
Temporal (point in time)
Relational (the existing relationship between communicators - friends,
Cultural (language and behavior community the communicator(s) come
Feedback - checks effects of
positive feedback - "keep doing what
feedback - change what you’re doing.
Levels (contexts) of Communication
Mass Communication (non-interactive)
Computer Mediated Communication
You cannot not
All Communication has
content and relationship dimensions
Content - Literal meaning, information
Relationship - defines the relationship
between sender and receiver. Features of relationship that get defined
in message exchanges include:
[ Liking, Responsiveness (intensity), Control, Trust
Communication is a series of puncuated events
irreversible and unrepeatable.
"How Americans Communicate"
A Roper Poll
Discussion Questions on Terms and Concepts:
Be able to describe
a communication event you have experienced that illustrates each of
the five "Communication Universals." Explain how.
What makes someone
and effective Communicator? How will being an effective
communicator be valuable in your life as you see it?
Think of at least
three examples of "codes," one each in three different media.
Come up with
examples of how variations in each of the four types of "environment"
can affect and alter meaning (e.g. How could the same words mean
something different in different environments?)
Froemling, Kristin, et al.. Communication:
Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 2011. Print