Practice Exercises 7 - Types of Warrants
For the claims and grounds below, write out an appropriate warrant and identify what type of warrant it is.
1. [gr.] The recent drop in unemployment and the increase in consumer spending indicate that [cl.] the economy will continue to be strong.
Sign - These occurrences are indicators (signs) of a coming strong economy.
2. [cl.] You should not cut class. [gr.] The evidence shows that students who attend class regularly do best in their courses.
Policy - If a plan works to produce something good it should be adopted.
3. Students who [gr.] tolerate cheating and do not report it [cl.] are acting in a morally irresponsible manner.
Definition - Tolerating something immoral is itself immoral.
4. If [gr.] health care reform will hold down costs while insuring our choice of doctors. I think [cl.] it should be adopted.
Policy - If a plan works to produce something good without causing harms, it should be adopted.
5. [gr.] Experts recently determined that [cl.] there is liquid water on the planet Mars.
Authority - The experts would know!
6. [gr.] The fact the three college women have recently made charges of sexual harassment against other students indicates that [cl.] we have a serious problem with this issue.
Definition - Even three cases is enough to establish a serious problem if the issue is serious enough. (Induction could also work here.)
7. [gr.] The mandatory recycling plan developed in Galesburg shows that [cl.] a similar recycling program for Monmouth is entirely practical.
Analogy - These two cities are alike in all important ways as regards recycling.
8. Any[gr.]one who argues for a free market solution to every problem [cl.] is definitely a libertarian.
Defintion - A person who argues for a free market solution to every problem is, by definition, a libertarian
Last updated 2/6/2007