COMM 335 - ARGUMENTATION
Organizational Pattern of Debate Cases
CATA 335 - McGaan
The order of the speakers in a traditional debate is 1st Affirmative Constructive, 1st Negative Constructive, 2nd Affirmative Constructive, 2nd Negative Constructive. These four presentations of the case and response are followed in our class by a cross examination period in which the entire class participates. In this class we conclude the debate (rebuttal period) with one summary speech from each team (rather than the traditional four rebuttal speeches - one from each speaker). In rebuttal, negative goes first.
Background and significance of the issue -- very brief
Definitions of any important terms as needed
I. Problem: Is there a need for change (adopting the policy)?
II. Will our plan solve these harms?
Present the affirmative team plan.
[ Show/prove reasons why we should expect the plan to work . (This part of the case may need to go into the second speaker's presentation.) ]
Affirmative Speaker (8 minutes)
INTRODUCTIONVery Short Introduction and Review Plan
[ Present workability arguments if not done in 1st speech esp. when challenged by 1 Neg. ]
III. Will the plan necessarily produce significant benefits which outweigh disadvantages?
Refutation of 1st negative speaker
(Respond to and refute arguments against the problem portion of your case brought up by 1 Neg..)
Summarize the case briefly.
Call for action.
[ NOTE: It is the responsibility of the negative to create "clash." ]
1st Negative Speaker (8 minutes)
INTRODUCTION Indicate negative team's general strategy/philosophy of opposition to the affirmative case
Contest affirmative's definitions if appropriate *
Contest the topicality of the affirmative case if appropriate *
* If the negative does not address definitions or topicality it is assumed the affirmative's position is accepted. That is typical.
I. Challenge the Affirmative's arguments on the problem.
II. [ If time permits 1st negative may offer arguments proving the affirmative plan will not work. This may be deferred to the second negative speech. ]
Summarize how your arguments have destroyed the affirmative's case (e.g. negated case requirements).
2nd Negative Speaker (8 minutes)
INTRODUCTION Present a brief overview of the negative's strategy in attacking the plan and advantages.
II. Present arguments and prove that the affirmative plan will not work [if not presented in 1st negative].
[ "ought" belongs to the affirmative ]
III. Argue and prove that the affirmative case lacks solvency
Summarize how negative arguments have destroyed the affirmative's case (e.g. negated case requirements)
Cross Examination and Rebuttal
Following the four "constructive" speeches there will be a 10-15 minute question period, alternating questions for each side from the debaters and the audience.
Negative Rebuttal (5 minutes)
The negative goes first in rebuttal and should review their strongest arguments showing the affirmative has not proved its case. Remember, the negative need only show the affirmative has failed to prove ONE case requirement (e.g. the negative must win one of the three stock issues).
Affirmative Rebuttal (5 minutes)
The affirmative gets the last word since they have the burden of proof. Affirmative should review their whole case showing how all requirements of a case still stand at the end of the debates (e.g. the affirmative must win all 3 stock issues).
last updated 3/6/2007