Augustus

27 B.C. - 14 A.D.

Originally known as Octavian, his name is today known simply as Augustus which was the title given him by the Senate in the year 27 B.C. He was the grandnephew of Julius Caesar and was following an illustrious military career when Caesar was murdered. On hearing of this he set in motion a series of alliances meant to avenge his great-uncle's assassins. He recruited Lepidus and Marc Antony for the task, defeated Brutus and his co-conspirators and then carved up the the Roman world among the three. Lepidus was thus left in control of the African provinces, Marc Antony with Egypt and the eastern provinces and Octavian the rest including Rome itself.

The Triumvirate as it was called was unstable and they each began to plot against the other. Within a few years however Lepidus would be stripped of his powers and Marc Antony would be defeated in a major battle. Antony and his wife Cleopatra then committed suicide leaving Octavian as sole emperor. Octavian then became known and referred to by his title and went on to rule the Roman Empire for another 40 years. He did this while cooperating with the Senate and to him Romans owed much of the grandeur and influence that this empire became known for.

Aureus

RIC 121, Cohen 331 Aureus Obv: AVGVST, bare head right
Rev: Victory standing right on globe, holding torch and palm-branch.


RIC 350, Cohen 466 Aureus Obv: IMPCAESARTRPOTIIX, laureate head right
Rev: LMESCINIVS Exe: AVGSVFP; Augustsus seated left on stool on platform inscribed LVD S, giving suffimenta to one of two togate figures. Lot sold for $4,200 1/16/02.


AR Denarius

RIC 37a AR Denarius Obv: CAESAR AVGVSTVS - Oak wreathed head right.
Rev: DIVVS IVLIVS - Written across in one line between seven rays of comet.


RIC 38 AR Denarius Obv: Bare head right.
Rev: IMPCAESAR; triumphal arch surmounted by Augustus in quadriga.


RIC 42a, BMC 334 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVS - Bare head right
Rev: SPQR/CL V in two lines on shield.


RIC 69a, BMC 367 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVS - Bare head right.
Rev: MAR VLT - Circular temple with standards between columns. Lot sold for $153 2/3/02.


RIC 75a, BMC 376 AR Denarius Obv: AVGVSTVSCAESAR - Bare head right
Rev: OBCIVIS/SERVATOS - above and below oak wreath.


RIC 77a, RSC 208 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVS, bare head right
Rev: OB/CIVIS/SERVATOS, legend in three lines within oak-wreath, ties inward. Lot sold for $1,800 1/16/02.


RIC 87a, BMC 422 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVS - Bare head right.
Rev: SIGNIS RECEPTIS SPQR - Circular shield with standard on left, aquila on right, "S", "R" left and right at the top of shield, "Q" and "R" at bottom of shield, left and right respectively.


RIC 99, BMC 397 AR Denarius Obv: SPQRPARENT (above) CONSSVO - Toga picta over tunica palmata between aquila (left) and wreath (right)
Rev: CAESAR (above) AVGVSTO (below) - Slow ceremonial quadriga right, Augustus holding palm.


RIC 126, BMC 347 AR Denarius Obv: No legend - Bare head right Rev: AVGVSTVS - Written under Capricorn right touching globe and rudder; above, a cornucopia.


RIC 167a, BMC 451 AR Denarius Obv: AVGVSTVSDIVIF - Bare head right
Rev: bull butting right. Lot sold for $51 11/4/01.


RIC 171a, BMC 461 AR Denarius Obv: AVGVSTVSDIVIF - Laureate head right.
Rev: IMPX Exe: ACT - Apollo Citharoedus standing front and slightly left with a pick and harp in right and left respectively. Lot sold for $75 12/16/01.


RIC 199, BMC 500 AR Denarius Obv: AVGVSTVSDIVIF - Laureate head right.
Rev: CCAESAVGVSF - Gaius Caesar rides to the right, behind him the two standards of Rome with eagle soaring to the right between them.


RIC 207, BMC 533 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIFPATERPATRIAE - Laureate head right.
Rev: AVGVSTIFCOSDESIGPRINCIVVENTCLCAESARES - Gaius and Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, and in field above, a simpulum right and lituus left. Lot sold for $82 11/15/01.


RIC 208, BMC 536 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIFPATERPATRIAE - Laureate head right.
Rev: AVGVSTIFCOSDESIGPRINCIVVENT Exe: CLCAESARES - Gaius and Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, and in field above, a simpulum left and lituus right.


RIC 210, BMC 540 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIFPATERPATRIAE - Laureate head right.
Rev: AVGVSTIFCOSDESIGPRINCIVVENTCLCAESARES - Gaius and Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, and in field above, a simpulum left and lituus right.


RIC 212, BMC 538 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVSDIVIFPATERPATRIAE - Laureate head right.
Rev: AVGVSTIFCOSDESIGPRINCIVVENT Exe: CLCAESARES - Gaius and Lucius standing front, each with a hand resting on a round shield, a spear, and in field above, a simpulum LEFT and lituus RIGHT with an "X" below.


RIC 253, BMC 612 AR Denarius Obv: No legend - Pax head wearing stephane right; olive branch in front and cornucopia behind head.
Rev: CAESAR DIVIF - Augustus Caesar walking right with hand raised in salute and holding spear over shoulder.


RIC 256, BMC 615 AR Denarius Obv: No legend - Victory head right, wings showing on left and right shoulders.
Rev: CAESARDIVIF - Naked male figure standing left right foot on globe, holding aplustre (branch?) and scepter.


RIC 264, BMC 617 AR Denarius Obv: No legend - Victory standing right on prow of galley, holding wreath and palm.
Rev: IMPCAESAR Exe: IMPCAESAR - Octavian riding right in a slow quadriga, holding branch. Lot sold for $138 2/28/02.


RIC 309, BMC 46-8 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVS, bare head right.
Rev: L•AQVILLIVS•FLORVS•III•VIR, open flower.


RIC 322, S 1605 AR Denarius Obv: QRVSTIVSFORTVNAE Exe: ANTIAT; Conjoined busts right of Fortuna Victrix, helmeted and holding patera, and Fortuna Felix, diademed. Both resting on bar with ram's head finals.
Rev: CAESARIAVGVSTO Exe: EXSC; Ornate rectangular altar inscribed FOR/RE.


RIC 414, BMC 121 AR Denarius Obv: CAESARAVGVSTVS - Laureate head right in oak leaves.
Rev: MAGRIPPACOSTERCOSSVSLENTVLVS - Agrippa head right, wearing combined mural and rostral crown.


RIC 416, BMC 128 AR Denarius Obv: AVGVSTVS - Bare head right.
Rev: LCANINIVSGALLVSIIIVIR - Barbarian kneeling right and offering Vexillum in surrender.


RIC 475, BMC 663 AR Denarius Obv: CAESAR; Bare head of Augustus right.
Rev: AVGVSTVS; Young bull standing right.


RIC 540, BMC 684 AR Denarius Obv: CAESAR - Bare head right.
Rev: AVGVST - Candelabrum ornamented with rams' heads and surmounted by crescent within wreath entwined with bucrania and paterae. Lot sold for $2,200 1/16/02.


RIC 543a, BMC 309 AR Denarius Obv: Bare head right
Rev: Shield - IMPCAESARDIVIF. Lot sold for $48 11/11/01.


AR Quinarius

RIC 474 AR Quinarius Obv: CAESAR; Bare head of Augustus right.
Rev: No legend; Victory standing left on prow left, holding wreath and palm branch.


AR Antoninianus

RIC 78 (Trajan Decius), Cohen 578 AR Antoninianus Commemorative Obv: DIVOAVGVSTO - Radiate head of Caesar Augustus.
Rev: CONSECRATIO.


As

RIC 81 (Tiberius), BMC 146 As, Posthumous Obv: DIVVSAVGVSTVSPATER - Head left.
Rev: S C Exe: PROVIDENT - Altar enclosure with double paneled door, uncertain ornaments on top.


RIC 230 As Obv: CAESARPONTMAX; Laureate head right.
Rev: No legend Exe: ROMETAVG; front elevation of the Altar of Lyons, decorated; Victories on columns to right and left.


RIC 435 As Obv: CAESARAVGVSTPONTMAXTRIBVNICPOT - Bare head right.
Rev: MMAECILIVSTVLLVSIIIVIRAAAFF - Legend around S C. Lot sold for $11 12/27/01.


RIC 464 As Obv: TICAESARAVGVSTFIMPERATV - Tiberius head bare and right.
Rev: PONTIFEXTRIBVNPOTESTATEXII - around S C.


Provincials

S 25, BMC 5.52 AE20, Amphipolis Obv: Bare head right.
Rev: Artemis Tauropolos riding bull galloping right.


RPC 1718 AE17 Obv: Head of Augustus right.
Rev: Head of Rhoemetalces right.