Claudius

41 - 54 A.D.

After the murder of Caligula, the Praetorian Guard had to come up with a worthy successor and fast lest the Senate step in and revert back to the pre-Julius Caesar type of Republic. The only relative of Caligula they could find was Claudius who was Caligula's uncle. An otherwise unfit man to rule, Claudius was a recluse of whom little was known about by design. Because he suffered physical deformities he was kept out of the limelight to avoid embarrassement. At the age of 46 he was unveiled to the public by his uncle Caligula and he held a position as Suffect Consul or "replacement" consuleft Mind you, this was done by Caligula entirely to spite the Senate and had nothing to do with any affection he had for Claudius himself.

Nevertheless, by bringing him out in public Claudius gained a degree of acceptance as an administratoright To augment this perception it was noted that he was highly educated and not inept as an administratoright In the turn of events that was to happen next this all played out in his favoright When the Praetorian Guard thus announced his candidacy to the seat of power the Senate had to oblige and ratify the decision.

As a ruler, the only truly poor decision he made was to marry his niece. She turned out to be nothing but trouble for him and pursued an agenda of grooming her son as Claudius's replacement. She was skillful in this endeavor and easily manipulated Claudius himself to carry out her goals. When Nero's place as rightful heir was a sure thing she simply poisoned him and Nero ascended.

Aureus

RIC 13, Cohen 5 Aureus Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMTRP, head right, wearing oak wreath
Rev: CONSTANTIAEAVGVSTI, Constantia seated left on curule chair, feet on stool, right hand raised.


RIC 27, Cohen 55 Aureus Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIIII, laureate head right
Rev: PACIAVGVSTAE, Pax-Nemesis, winged, advancing right, holding winged caduceus in left hand pointing down at serpent and holding out fold of drapery below chin with right hand. Lot sold for $2,400 1/16/02.


AR Denarius

RIC 26, BMC 24 AR Denarius Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIIII - Laureate head right.
Rev: IMPERRECEPT - Praetorian outer camp wall with dual gates; Praetorian on guard duty in battlement above.


RIC 39, BMC 40 AR Denarius Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIMPXI; Laureate head right.
Rev: PACIAVGVSTAE; Pax-Nemesis standing right, holding caduceus above serpent.


RIC 47, BMC 52 AR Denarius Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVI, laureate head right.
Rev: PACIAVGVSTAE, Pax-Nemesis standing right, holding winged caduceus pointing down at snake.


RIC 58, BMC 59 AR Denarius Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIMPXVIII - Laureate head right.
Rev: PACIAVGVSTAE - Pax-Nemesis, winged, advancing right, left hand holding winged caduceus pointing down at snake, right hand holding a fold of drapery below chin.


RIC 62, BMC 69 AR Denarius Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIIMPPPCOSV. Head, laureate, right.
Rev: PACIAVGVSTAE. Pax-Nemesis, winged, advancing right, left hand holding winged caduceus pointing down at snake, right holding out fold of drapery below chin.


RIC 68, RSC 5 AR Denarius, Antonia Commemorative Obv: ANTONIAAVGVSTA, draped bust of Antonia right, wearing wreath of grain ears
Rev: SACERDOSDIVIAVGVSTI, two lighted torches, joined by a garland.


RIC 81, RSC 4 AR Denarius Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRIBPOTPP, laureate head of Claudius right
Rev: AGRIPPINAEAVGVSTAE, laureate and draped bust of Agrippina right.


Sestertius

RIC 98, Cohen 48 Sestertius Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP, laureate head of Claudius right
Rev: NEROCLAVDIVSDRVSVSGERMANIMP, S C across field, triumphal arch surmounted by an equestrian statue between two trophies.


RIC 99, BMC 124 Sestertius Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP. Claudius, laureate, right.Rev: SPESAVGVSTA. Spes, draped, advancing left, right hand holding flower, left raising skirt.


RIC 102 Sestertius, Agrippina Commemorative Obv: AGRIPPINAMFGERMANICICAESARIS, draped bust right.
Rev: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPIMPPP around large S C.


S 633 Sestertius Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMPPP, laureate head right.
Rev: EXSC/PP/OBCIVES/SERVATOS; Legend in laurel-crown in four lines.


Dupondius

RIC 94, BMC 136 Dupondius Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP - Bare head left.
Rev: CERESAVGVSTA Exe: SC - Ceres seated left, holding two corn ears and long torch. Lot sold for $6 12/15/01.


As

RIC 54, BMC 59 AR Denarius Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIMPXVIII - Laureate head right
Rev: PACIAVGVSTAE - Pax-Nemesis, winged, advancing right, left hand holding winged caduceus pointing down at snake, right hand holding a fold of drapery below chin.


RIC 95 As Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMPPP; Bare head left.
Rev: CONSTANTIAEAVGVSTI; Constantia standing left, holding a scepteright


RIC 97, BMC 145 As Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP - Bare head left
Rev: LIBERTASAVGVSTA S C - Libertas standing front, head right, arms extended with pileus in right hand. Lot sold for $43 11/13/01.


RIC 100, S 639 As Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP
Rev: S C - to the left and right; Minerva standing right, holding javelin and round shield. Lot sold for $30 3/13/02.


RIC 106, BMC 218 As, Germanicus Commemorative Obv: GERMANICVSCAESARTIAVGFDIVIAVGN - Bare head of Germanicus, right
Rev: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPIMPPP - around S C Rome mint. Lot sold for $36 11/15/01.


RIC 116, BMC 206-7 As Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPIMPPP - Bare head left
Rev: S C - Minerva turned right, holding shield at ready and preparing to hurl javelin.


BMC 202, Cohen 47 As Obv: TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMPPP; bare head bust left
Rev: LIBERTASAVGVSTA S C


Provincials

RIC 117, SNG VA 6524 AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (Ephesus) Obv: TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIMPXIIX. Claudius, laureate, right.
Rev: AGRIPPINAAVGVSTACAESARISAVG. Agrippina bust, draped, right, her hair in triple row of curls in front and in plait in back.


RIC 120, SNG VA 6572 AR Cistophoric Tetradrachm (Pergamum) Obv: TICLAVDCAESAVG. Claudius head, bare, left
Rev: COM-ASI to left and right of distyle temple inscribed ROM ET AVG on entablature and containing figure of Claudius, standing facing on left, right hand holding spear, being crowned by female figure on right, left hand holding cornucopiae.


RPC 3062 AE18 (Cadi) Obv: Laureate head right with greek legend.
Rev: Zeus standing left.


Dattari 114, Milne 61-64 AE Tetradrachm (Alexandria) Obv: Laureate head of Claudius right.
Rev: Draped bust of Antonia right.