Constantius Chlorus

305 - 306 A.D.

If the accounts of chroniclers of the day can be believed, Constantius was the grandnephew of Claudius Gothicus. However, the links to Claudius may have been made up by Constantius sympathizers who noted that Claudius's niece (Claudia) had the same name as his great-aunt. The link would have been valuable as a means to substantiate an imperial line of succession from a desirable former emperor.

Whatever his ancestry, Constantius climbed the military ranks and was in the position of Praetorian Prefect under Maximian. When Maximian was elevated as co-emperor he selected Constantius as his Caesar under Diocletian's Tetrarchy scheme. He would then be assigned the task of regaining Britain which had seceded from the empire under the reign of Carausius and which Maximian himself was unable to take care of. Because Carausius enjoyed a far superior naval fleet, Constantius chose stealth in order to avoid a battle at sea. Thus with the aid of a thick fog over the channel he set out with his troops towards Britain. When he approached London he found that Carausius had been murdered by his own Praetorian Prefect, Allectus, who was defeated in short order. It was here in Britain where Constantius died ten years later, of natural causes, having come to the aid of his son Constantine who was fighting off a Pict invasion.

Aureus

RIC 7 Aureus Obv: CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES, laureate head right
Rev: HERCVLICONSCAES Exe: SMAX*, Hercules standing facing, head right, resting on club and holding apples and lion's skin. Lot sold for $10,000 1/16/02.


Argentus

RIC 18 AR Argenteus Obv: CONSTANTIVSCAES, laureate head right
Rev: VICTORIASARMA, four tetrarchs sacrificing before camp with six turrets. Lot sold for $625 1/16/02.


RIC 29a AR Argenteus Obv: CONSTANTIVSCAES; laureled head right.
Rev: VIRTVSMILITVM; tetrarchs before a camp gate. Lot sold for $450 1/16/02.


RIC 44a AR Argenteus Obv: CONSTANTIVSCAESAR, laureate head right
Rev: VIRTVSMILITVM, four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod before camp gate with eight turrets. Lot sold for $375 1/16/02.


AE Follis

RIC 18a AE Follis Obv: FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: CONCORDIAMILITVM - Constantius facing right received globe passed to him from Jupiter, standing opposite and holding a scepter.


RIC 19a AE Follis Obv: FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES; Radiated, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIAMILITVM, Emperor to right, receives Victory on globe from Jupiter.


RIC 26b AE Follis Obv: FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES - Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIOPOPVLIROMANI - Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.


RIC 35a AE Follis Obv: CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES. Head, laureate, right
Rev: GENIOPOPVLIROMANI. Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand holding patera, left cornucopiae; in field to left, star. Lot sold for $11 12/26/01.


RIC 49a AE Follis Obv: FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES, laureate bust, draped, right.
Rev: GENIOPOPVLIROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae.


RIC 73a AE Follis Obv: CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES - Laureate head right.
Rev: GENIOPOPVLIROMANI - Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.


RIC 110, S 3691 AE Follis, Constantius I Commemorative Obv: DIVOCONSTANTIOPIO, veiled laureated cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MEMORIAFELIX Exe: (officina)LN, two eagles standing either side of a lit and garlanded altar. Lot sold for $76 11/18/01.


RIC 268 AE Follis Obv: DIVOCONSTANTIOPIO. Laureate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MEMORIAFELIX. Altar of cippus form, lighted and garlanded; eagle in field to left and right.


RIC 669v AE Follis Obv: FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES. Radiate, cuirassed, draped bust right.
Rev: VIRTVSAVGG. Virtus wrestling lion with sword on ground.


Unlisted AE Follis Obv: FLVALCONSTANTIVSCAESAR. Head, laureate, right.
Rev: GENIOPOPVLIROMANI. Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, right hand holding patera, left cornucopiae; in field to left, S; in field to right, H.