Postumus

260 - 269 A.D.

Postumus remained Gallienus's nemesis for most of his reign and, with the aid of the traitor Aureolus, his eventual killer. Postumus came on the scene following a dispute with Saloninus over the distribution of captured war loot. Because Postumus was in command of the military, Saloninus had little to defend him except for his title and official recognition. Postumus had himself named emperor and captured and executed Saloninus sealing his fate with the rest of the empire. However, the rest of the empire could do little at the moment. Gallienus was embroiled with battling several usurpers out east and could not avenge his brother's death. Neither could Rome do anything about it. And so for the time being Postumus held the western half of the empire as de facto ruler.

When Gallienus finally returned from the east he would find Postumus entrenched in Gaul and having snatched Britain and Spain away from the empire as well. Because his power had grown during Gallienus's absence, he had had time to consolidate his leadership and posed a bigger threat. However, for one reason or another, Postumus never made preparations to attack Rome or mount an offensive against Gallienus and contented himself with this secessionist state. But he knew Gallienus was mulling over his options all the meanwhile and had on his agenda the recapturing of the lost lands. Gallienus mounted several expeditions to depose Postumus but all failed. Still, Gallienus would most likely have ultimately been the ultimate victor had Postumus not gained the aid of one of Gallienus's trusted men, Aureolus, who engineered a successful conspiracy ending with the murder of Gallienus. Postumus would meet a deadly fate himself the following year following a revolt from within instigated by one of his own earlier leading generals, Laelianus, in a move very reminiscent of his own rise to power.

AR Antoninianus

RIC 57, Cohen 273 AR Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPIIIICOSIIIPP; Mars walking right, holding spear and trophy.


RIC 58 AR Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG; Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FELICITASAVG; Felicitas standing left holding caduceus and cornucopia.


RIC 64c AR Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: HERCDEVSONIENSI; Hercules standing, leaning on club and holding bow.


RIC 234 AR Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG. Radiate, draped bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVG. Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond, foot on stylized captive.


RIC 292, Cohen 282 AR Antoninianus Obv: POSTVMVSAVG; Radiate bust left, holding club and wearing lion's skin.
Rev: PMTRPVIIIICOSIIIIPP; Bow, club and quiver. Lot sold for $500 9/19/01.


RIC 318, RSC 215a AR Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG; Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAXAVG; Pax standing left.


RIC 330, Cohen 365 AR Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG; Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VBERTASAVG; Ubertas standing left holding udder and cornucopia.


RIC 373, Cohen 19a AR Antoninianus Obv: IMPPOSTVMVSAVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDEQVIT Exe: S, Fortuna standing left, right foot on prow, holding patera and rudder set on a globe.


AE Antoninianus

RIC 287, Cohen 31 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG. Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COSIIII. Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm.


RIC 288, Cohen 32a AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG. Radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: COSV. Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm.


RIC 310, Cohen 160 AE Antoninianus Obv: POSTVMVSAVG Radiate bust left holding club over right shoulder, lion's head on left shoulder, strap across bare chest.
Rev: IOVISTATORI; Jupiter standing left holding scepter and thunderbolt.


Sestertius

RIC 106, Cohen 246 Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG; Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PMTRPCOSIIPP S C; Postumus standing left, holding globe and spear. Lot sold for $270 4/4/01.


RIC 123 Sestertius Obv: IMPCMCASSLATPOSTVMVSPFAVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDESMILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two ensigns.


As

RIC 167 As Obv: IMPCPOSTVMVSPFAVG; Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVG; Two Victories standing, attaching a shield to a trophy of captured arms, under which sit two captives.