Probus

276 - 282 A.D.

Coming from a military background under Valerian, Probus ascended the throne as usurper against Tacitus and then Florian in the West. Florian advanced against Probus and on first appearance it looked like his own army would be no match against Florian's so he gambled that by artificially prolonging a direct confrontation between the two he could frustrate the enemy. The tactic paid off and within days Florian was killed by his own troops and the two armies joined as one to march into Rome.

Probus then spent the next two years quelling numerous border wars and domestic rebellions. He was highly successful in this regards and, having few wars left to fight retired to Rome. His glory days came to an end partly due to his own military successes. Without battles to win the army felt increasingly alienated by Probus who now was spearheading several civic projects meant to strengthen the empire. When the next usurper sprang up, Carus, Probus again led out to meet his foe only to find his apathetic soldiers switch sides and kill him.

Aureus

RIC 143, Cohen 794 Aureus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG - Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIOSOSEMPER Exe: (wreath), Probus standing left holding transverse scepter, four suppliants standing around. Lot sold for $2,500 9/19/01


AE Antoninianus

RIC 38, Cohen 334 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: MARSVICTOR - Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.


RIC 157, Cohen 37 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: ADVENTVSAVG - Probus on horseback left, right hand raised in salute and in left holding scepter; on ground, left, a bound captive is being treaded upon.


RIC 158 AE Antoninianus Obv: PROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: ADVENTVSAVG - Probus on horseback left, holding scepter and right hand held high in return salute; underfoot a captive.


RIC 168, Cohen 78 AE Antoninianus Obv: PROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: AETERNITASAVG - Sol standing left, right hand raised in salute and left holds globe.


RIC 170, Cohen 252 AE Antoninianus Obv: PROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: FIDESMILITVM - Fides standing left, holding two ensigns.


RIC 173, Cohen 306 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: IOVICONSPROBIAVG - Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.


RIC 177 AR Antoninianus Obv: PROBVSPFAVG. Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: MARTIPACIF. Mars walking left, holding olive branch, spear and shield.


RIC 201 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust left, in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev: SOLIINVICTO - Quadriga to left, driven by Sol, holding whip and globe.


RIC 202g, Cohen 645 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust left, in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle.
Rev: SOLIINVICTO - Quadriga to left, driven by Sol, holding whip and globe.


RIC 212 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: VICTORIAAVG - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.


RIC 215f, Cohen 740 AE Antoninianus Obv: PROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: VICTORIAAVG Exe: RTS - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm. Lot sold for $16 3/21/02.


RIC 217, Cohen 40 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: VICTORIAVGERM - Trophy of cuirass, four spears and two shield stands between two captives bound and seated back to back to the base of this trophy.


RIC 332, Cohen 137 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: CONCORDMILIT - Probus and Concordia standing face to face, clasping hands.


RIC 351g, Cohen 200 AE Antoninianus Obv: VIRTVSPROBIAVG - Helmeted, radiate bust left, cuirassed with spear and shield.
Rev: CONSERVATAVG Exe: TXXT - Sol standing front, head left, right hand raised in salute and left hand holding globe. Lot sold for $14 12/16/01.


RIC 364f, S 3350 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG, radiate cuirassed bust right.
Rev: FIDESMILIT, Fidelity of the Army standing facing left holding two standards.


RIC 387f, Cohen 310 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: IOVICONSERVAT - Jupiter gives globe to Probus.


RIC 428f, Cohen 801 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: VIRTVSAVG - Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.


RIC 525f, Cohen 611 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: SECVRITASAVG Exe: VXXI - Securitas standing left, with one hand on head and other elbow leaning on column, legs crossed.


RIC 547f, Cohen 399 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSAVG - Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: PAXAVG Exe: (epsilon)XXI - Pax standing left, holding scepter and olive branch.


RIC 619 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG; Radiate bust right.
Rev: ABVNDANTIAAVG; Abundantia standing left, emptying cornucopiae.


RIC 634 AE Antoninianus Obv: VIRTVSPROBIAVG, radiate, helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding spear in right hand and shield on left arm
Rev: ADVENTVSPROBIAVG, Probus on horseback left, raising right hand and holding sceptre in left; bound captive seated left on ground before.


RIC 643 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPAVG. Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle-tipped scepter.
Rev: CLEMENTIATEMP. Emperor standing right, holding scepter surmounted by eagle, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter; below, VI. Lot sold for $100 2/19/02.


RIC 643a AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, draped.
Rev: CLEMENTIATEMP Exe: (epsilon)/XXI - Probus standing right and holding eagle tipped scepter, receives Victory from Jupiter standing opposite and facing.


RIC 644a, Cohen 87 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped.
Rev: CLEMENTIATEMP -Probus standing right and holding eagle tipped scepter, receives Victory from Jupiter standing opposite and facing.


RIC 644c, Cohen 87 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: CLEMENTIATEMP Exe: XXI - Probus receives globe from Jupiter on right, both hold a scepter.


RIC 651c AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: CONCORDIAMILIT Exe: B/XXI - Probus and Concordia facing the each other and clasping hands.


RIC 661 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG; Radiate, cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIAAVG Exe: T/XXI; Concordia standing left, double cornucopiae in left hand, patera in right hand.


RIC 670 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Helmeted, radiate bust left, cuirassed with spear and shield
Rev: CONSERVATAVG - Sol standing front, head left, right hand raised in salute and left hand holding globe.


RIC 674 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped
Rev: FELICITASAVG - Felicitas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia.


RIC 701 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSPFAVG; Radiate cuirassed bust right.
Rev: ORIGINIAVG; She wolf sucking Romulus and Remus.


RIC 704h, Cohen 92 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust left, in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by an eagle.
Rev: PAXAVG - Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse scepter.


RIC 711, Cohen 425 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust left, cuirassed and holds a spear over r. shoulder.
Rev: PAXAVGVSTI - Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse scepter.


RIC 711g, Cohen 425 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Helmeted and radiate bust left, cuirassed holding spear and shield.
Rev: PAXAVGVSTI - Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse scepter.


RIC 713f, Cohen 417 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: PAXAVGVSTI - Pax standing left, holding olive branch and transverse scepter.


RIC 713h, Cohen 416 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust left, in imperial mantle and holding scepter surmounted by eagle.
Rev: PAXAVGVSTI - Pax standing front holding olive branch and transverse scepter. Lot sold for $13 10/31/01.


RIC 720f, Cohen 477 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: PROVIDENTAVG - Providentia standing left, holding globe and transverse scepter.


RIC 727, Cohen 500 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSINVAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: PROVIDENTIAAVGN - Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and cornucopia.


RIC 734f, Cohen 506 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: RESTITVTORBIS - Woman standing right presents wreath to Aurelian holding globe and scepter. Lot sold for $7 12/8/01.


RIC 746, Cohen 569 AE Antoninianus Obv: VIRTVSPROBIAVG - Helmeted and Radiate bust left, cuirassed and holding spear over right shoulder and shield up against left.
Rev: SALVSAVG - Salus standing right, feeding snake in her arms.


RIC 748f, Cohen 572 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed
Rev: SALVSAVG - Salus standing right, feeding snake in both arms to the right.


RIC 758, Cohen 622 AE Antoninianus Obv: VIRTVSPROBIAVG - Helmeted, radiate bust left, cuirassed and holding spear and shield.
Rev: SECVRITPERP Exe: MXXI - Securitas standing left, leaning on column with left elbow, and touching the top of head with her right hand.


RIC 791, Cohen 706 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPPROBVSINVAVG - Radiate bust right, draped.
Rev: SPESAVGVSTINOSTRI Exe: XXI - Spes standing left, holding flower and raising skirt.


RIC 810f, Cohen 898 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust left, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: VIRTVSPROBIAVG - Mars advancing right, carrying spear and trophy.


RIC 811f, Cohen 888 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev: VIRTVSPROBIAVG - Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy. Lot sold for $17 11/7/01.


RIC 821c, Cohen 937 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: VIRTVSPROBIAVG - Trophy between two captives.


RIC 846, Cohen 471 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust right, draped.
Rev: PROVIDENDEOR - Providentia standing right, holding two military ensigns while Sol standing left, right hand raised and left hand holding globe.


RIC 851c, Cohen 507 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: RESTITVTORBIS - Woman standing right presents wreath to Probus holding spear.


RIC 861h, Cohen 681 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding scepter with tip surmounted by an eagle.
Rev: SOLIINVICTO Exe: KA(officina) - Oncoming Quadriga, driven by Sol, holding whip and globe. Lot sold for $32 3/21/02.


RIC 862h, Cohen 574 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding scepter with tip surmounted by an eagle.
Rev: SOLIINVICTO - Oncoming Quadriga, driven by Sol, holding whip and globe.


RIC 864f, Cohen 677 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPAVG - Radiate bust right, cuirassed.
Rev: SOLIINVICTO - Oncoming Quadriga, driven by Sol, holding whip and globe.


RIC 867v, Cohen 686 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSINVICTAVG
Rev: SOLINVICTO - Sol in chariot, holding whip, spread wide. Lot sold for $13 11/7/01.


RIC 878g, Cohen 912 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Helmeted radiate bust left, cuirassed, holding spear and shield.
Rev: VIRTVSPROBIAVG Exe: KA (gamma) - Probus riding right over infantry underfoot. Shield under horse.


RIC 903, Cohen 56 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG. Radiate, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield with horseman device.
Rev: ADVENTVSPROBIAVG; Emperor riding left, right hand raised, l. holding sceptre; at foot, captive. Lot sold for $40 11/7/01.


RIC 904 AE Antoninianus Obv: VIRTVSPROBIAVG - Helmeted and Radiate bust left, cuirassed holding spear and shield.
Rev: ADVENTVSPROBIAVG - Probus on horseback left, holding scepter and right hand held high in return salute.


RIC 905 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG; Radiate, draped bust right.
Rev: CLEMENTIATEMP; Emperor standing right, holding eagle-tipped scepter, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left and holding scepter.


RIC 907c AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev: CONCORDIAMILITVM - Victory standing right holds a wreath over the head of Probus, standing left and opposite.


RIC 908, Cohen 172 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSAVG - Radiate bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: CONCORDIAMILITVM - Victory standing right present wreath to Probus standing opposite.


RIC 911, Cohen 683 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust left, in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle.
Rev: SOLIINVICTO - Oncoming Quadriga, driven by Sol, holding whip and globe.


RIC 911h, Cohen 683 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCMAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate bust left, in imperial mantle, holding scepter surmounted by eagle
Rev: SOLIINVICTO - Sol rides oncoming in quadriga chariot.


RIC 913, Cohen 928 AE Antoninianus Obv: IMPCVAVRPROBVSPFAVG - Radiate helmeted bust left, cuirassed with spear and shield
Rev: VIRTVSPROBIAVG - Probus on horseback riding left, at his front a captive bound hands behind back. Lot sold for $20 11/7/01


Quinarius

Unlisted Quinarius Obv: VIRTVSPROBIAVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding Victory in right hand, shield on left arm, spear over shoulder
Rev: VICTORIAAVG, Victory walking right, holding wreath and palm, captives at her feet to left and right.