Pulcheria

399 - 453 A.D.

From CNG: Aelia Pulcheria was born at Constantinople in 399 and on 4 July 414 was appointed Augusta to act as regent for her brother Theodosius II, only two years her junior. After the departure of the praetorian prefect Anthemius she dominated the court and to her influence is attributed the atmosphere of monastic piety, chastity and Mariology which prevailed. Despite the insults of the anti-Marian Nestorians, she was loudly applauded at the Council of Chalcedon in 431. Her ascendancy over her brother waned after 423 in the face of her rival augusta, the emperor’s wife Eudocia, and then gave way to the powerful eunuch-chamberlain Chrysamphius who dominated the court in the 440’s. Pulcheria had recovered the initiative by the time Theodosius died in 450, helped the retired soldier Marcian succeed him, and placed the crown on his head. She also agreed to become his nominal wife, the ‘virgin empress’, thus formally preserving the Theodosian dynasty. In 453 she died leaving all her possessions to the poor.

Solidus

RIC 303 Solidus Obv: AELPVLCHERIAAVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, wearing necklace and earring, crowned by Manus Dei.
Rev: IMPXXXXIICOSXVIIPP Exe: COMOB, Constantinopolis enthroned left, holding globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left, left foot resting on prow, left elbow on shield, star in left field. Lot sold for $2,400 1/16/02.


Tremissis

RIC 214 Tremissis Obv: AELPVLCHERIAAVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, wearing necklace and earring
Rev: No legend Exe: CONOB*; Cross within wreath.


Siliqua

RIC 224v Fractional Siliqua Obv: AELPVLCHERIAAVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, wearing necklace and earring, crowned by Manus Dei.
Rev: IMPXXXXIICOSXVIIPP Exe: CON*, Christogram within wreath.


AE4

RIC 427, LRBC 2228 AE4 Obv: AELPVLCHERIAAVG, diademed and draped bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIAAVG, empress enthroned facing, arms on breast. Lot sold for $297 11/21/01.