Theodosius

379 - 395 A.D.

The son of a famous general, Theodosius's own military prowess caught the eye of Gratian who sent him off with an army to deal with the various barbarian hordes making regular excursions into Roman territory. After scoring some impressive victories on the battlefield Gratian gave Theodosius the ultimate reward by crowning him emperor and formal successor to Valens.

Theodosius then went on to settle a peace treaty with the barbarians and conferred upon them "federate" status and allowed them to occupy Roman territory under the condition that they would defend it against other intruders. The benefit, in principle at least, was that this settlement created a buffer zone for the Romans. In the following years he put down the rebellions headed by Magnus Maximus and then, literally with a little help from the weather, by the puppet emperor Eugenius.

During the waning years of his life he became the first Roman emperor to turn full circle on the issue of religious persecution. After centuries of Christian persecution and then another three quarters of a century whereby Christianity coexisted mostly peacefully with Pagan rituals, Theodosius began the active persecution and steady elimination of all non-christian sects and their temples. This policy would be vigorously followed by all succeeding emperors. He died in 395 leaving behind a split empire to be ruled by his sons Honorius and Arcadius.

Solidus

RIC 9c (Sirmium) Solidus Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVGG, Theodosius and Gratian(?) seated facing, together holding globe, Victory standing behind with wings spread.


RIC 43b (Constantinopolis) Solidus Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIAAVGGG, Constantinopolis enthroned, head right, right foot on prow, holding scepter and globe. Lot sold for $650 1/16/02.


RIC 45d (Constantinopolis) Solidus Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIAAVGGG, Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, holding scepter and globe, resting right foot on prow.


RIC 47b (Constantinopolis) Solidus Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIAAVGGG, Constantinopolis seated facing, holding scepter and shield inscribed VOT/V/MVL/X.


AE2

RIC 25c (Nicomedia), Cohen 19 AE2 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM; emperor standing left on galley with Victory. Lot sold for $36 11/9/01


RIC 43d (Rome), Cohen 27 AE3 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: REPARATIOREIPVB - Theodosius standing front, head left, offering right hand to female on left to rise from kneeling position, in other hand he holds Victory on a globe.


RIC 68a (Antioch), Cohen 18 AE2 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG. Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM. Enmperor standing facing, head right, holding standard and globe.


AE3

RIC 27d (Siscia), S 4185v AE3 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG; diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIAAVGGG Exe: (officina)SISC; Constantinopolis seated facing, head left, holding globe and spear. Lot sold for $5 11/4/01.


RIC 29 (Siscia), Cohen 6 AE3 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: CONCORDIAAVGGG Exe: SMN(officina) - Constantinopolis seated left, holding globe and scepter.


RIC 57a (Constantinopolis), Cohen 4 AE3 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev: CONCORDIAAVGGG - Constantinopolis seated, head right, hold globe and partially seen spear; left foot on prow.


RIC 57d (Constantinopolis), Cohen 5 AE3 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG - Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: CONCORDIAAVGGG - Constantinopolis, helmeted, seated facing, head right, holding globe and partly seen spear; right leg bare.


RIC 60b (Thessalonica), Cohen 25 AE3 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG; Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM Exe: B/TES; emperor standing, head right, holding labarum and shield.


RIC 88a (Constantinopolis) AE3 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG; Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM Exe: CONS(officina); emperor standing, head right, holding labarum and shield.


AE4

RIC 19, LRBC 2557 AE4 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG; Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VOT/X/MVLT/XX Exe: SMK(officina); Legend in four lines within wreath.


RIC 45b (Nicomedia), Cohen 30 AE4 Obv: DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG; diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: SALVSREIPVBLICAE; Victory advancing left, dragging captive.