Valens

364 - 378 A.D.

Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian who made him co-emperor soon after his own accession. He then sent Valens off to take care of the eastern portion of the empire. Making Constantinople his capital, he dealt with the Persian factor as best he could which wasn't all that great and saw his borders shrink as a consequence. His ineptitude showed most compellingly at the battle of Adrianople in 378. Resettled barbarians had been allowed within the nominal borders of the empire but were allowed to keep their arms. As the barbarians became squeezed from the double whammy of external tribes pushing against their lands and the systematic and extra-official hard-line policies of lower Roman government officials they became aggressive once more and aimed to push southward.

Near the city of Adrianople they gathered with the intention of making war and Valens prepared to meet them in battle. He sent for reinforcements from Gratian but before these could arrive he figured in a bout of short-sighted arrogance that he could go at it alone and claim the glory all to himself afterward. On an exceedingly poorly executed attack plan the Romans attacked the barbarians. In what apparently was meant to be a surprise attack, he rushed the barbarians before getting his soldiers into formation and before they had eaten. It was also a very hot and dusty day making their attack that much more energy-sapping. The barbarians watched as their counterparts fumbled and figured out their strategy. Their general sent his cavalry in an outflanking maneuver and managed to encircle Valens's infantry and subsequently slaughtered most. Valens himself perished in battle and the loss of the army along with the demoralizing effect to the rest of the military was another step in the inexorable fall of the empire almost one hundred years later.

Solidus

RIC 2d (Antioch) Solidus Obv: DNVALENSPERFAVG; Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: RESTITVTORREIPVBLICAE Exe: ANT(officina)•; Emperor standing right holding labarum and victory on globe.


RIC 39b (Trier) Solidus Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG; Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIAAVGG Exe: TROB(officina), Valens and Valentinian seated facing, together holding globe, Victory standing behind with wings spread


Miliarense

RIC 26b1 (Trier) Miliarense Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VIRTVSEXERCITVS Exe: SMTR, Valens standing facing, head left, holding standard in right hand, leaning against shield in left.


Siliqua

RIC 13a (Siscia) Siliqua Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: VOT/XV/MVLT/XX Exe: SISCP(officina) - Legend within wreath.


RIC 33b (Antioch) Siliqua Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed Rev: VOT/X/MVLT/XX Exe: ANT•• - Legend within wreath .


RIC 33c (Antioch) Siliqua Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev: VOT/X/MVLT/XX Exe: ANT - Legend within wreath. Lot sold for $40 11/1/01.


RIC 34b (Antioch) Siliqua Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: VOT/X/MVLT/XX Exe: •ANT(officina) - Legend within a wreath. Lot sold for $79 3/15/02.


AE3

RIC 3b (Antioch), Cohen 11 AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM Exe: SMH(officina) - Emperor walking right with head turned back while grasping bound captive at the top of the head with right hand and holding a labarum.


RIC 4c (Heraclea) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: RESTITVTORREIP Exe: SMH(officina) - Valens facing, head right, holding labarum and Victory on a globe. Lot sold for $8 2/14/02.


RIC 5b (Siscia) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM Exe: *(officina)SISC - Emperor looking back and pulling a captive by hair, while advancing right with a labarum in left hand.


RIC 7b (Siscia) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: SECVRITASREIPVBLICAE Exe: * over A/D(officina)SISC - Emperor advancing right, hand on captive and left hand holding labarum.


RIC 7d (Constantinopolis) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM; Emperor advancing right, hand on captive and left hand holding labarum. Lot sold for $13 11/6/01.


RIC 8b (Cyzicus) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM Exe: SMK(officina) - Emperor walking right, looking back left and dragging captive forward by the hair, in other hand, a labarum.


RIC 9b (Nicomedia) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM Exe: SMN(officina); emperor walking right, holding labarum and dragging captive.


RIC 11b (Cyzicus) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, cuirassed and draped.
Rev: SECVRITASREIPVBLICAE Exe: SMK(officina) - Victory advancing left.


RIC 14b (Siscia), Cohen 11 AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM Exe: R/•(officina)SISC - Emperor holding labarum and dragging captive right.


RIC 15b (Siscia), Cohen 47 AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, cuirassed and draped
Rev: SECVRITASREIPVBLICAE Exe: * over P/M/(officina)SISC - Victory advancing left. Lot sold for $7 11/7/01.


RIC 17b (Thessalonica), Cohen 29 AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: RESTITVTORREIP Exe: TES(officina) - Valens standing right, holding labrum and Victory on a globe.


RIC 18b (Thessalonica), Cohen 47 AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: SECVRITASREIPVBLICAE Exe: TES(officina) - Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.


RIC 21c (Constantinopolis) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, cuirassed and draped.
Rev: SECVRITASREIPVBLICAE Exe: •/CONS(officina) - Victory advancing left.


RIC 24b (Rome) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, cuirassed and draped.
Rev: SECVRITASREIPVBLICAE Exe: R•(officina spelled out) - Victory advancing left.


RIC 26 (Thessalonica), LRBC 1790 AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, draped and cuirassed.
Rev: GLORIAROMANORVM Exe: Z/•A/TES - Emperor holding labarum and dragging captive right.


RIC 27 (Thessalonica) AE3 Obv: DNVALENSPFAVG - Diademed bust right, cuirassed and draped.
Rev: SECVRITASREIPVBLICAE Exe: */TESA; Victory advancing left.