Vitellius

69 A.D.

Galba appointed Vitellius as Governor in the Rhine region in 68. He did this as no favor to Vitellius but rather as a strategic move to pass off a hot potato. Because Vitellius came from an aristocratic and decidedly non-military background, he calculated that the army of the region would have their hands full in dealing with this persona non grata. Whether the generals of the army in question saw through the attempted ruse or simply accepted the decision was irrelevant and backfired for Galba. Aware of the discontentment within the army of the situation in Rome, Vitellius and his men prepared to do something about it. The army set out for Rome in a journey that took several months that was noted as being more of a carnival parade than a military procession.

However, the honeymoon was soon over for Vitellius who was neither the darling of the army nor especially influential elsewhere. True to his hedonistic background, he decided to throw massive parties throughout Rome while his enemies assembled armies to depose him. When he finally realized he was in real danger, too late, he met with a contact from the approaching army of Vespasian and made an agreement to abdicate in return for peaceful retirement. He then announced his decision to the Senate creating a scandal. Feeling that this cowardice was wholly unbecoming of an emperor a mob of angry citizens and soldiers broke through to his quarters where he was hiding and ripped him to shreds.

Aureus

RIC 104, Cohen 46 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMIMPAVGTRP, laureate head right
Rev: LIBERTASRESTITVTA, Libertas standing right, holding pileus and sceptre.


AR Denarius

RIC 54, BMC 115 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSIMPGERMANICVS - Laureate head right
Rev: FIDES/EXERCITVVM - Clasped hands.


RIC 56, BMC 118 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSIMPGERMAN - Laureate head right.
Rev: OMAX (on left) CAPITOLI (on right) NVS (in exergue) - Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and scepter within distyle (two columns showing) temple.


RIC 66, BMC 1 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMANIVSIMP - Bare head right.
Rev: CONCORDIAPR - Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia. Lot sold for $103 12/29/01.


RIC 73, RSC 20 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMANIMPTRP, laureate head right
Rev: CONCORDIAPR, Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopiae.


RIC 75, RSC 44 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMANIMPTRP, laureate head right
Rev: IVPPITERVICTOR, Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and sceptre.


RIC 81, RSC 48 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMANIMPTRP, laureate head right
Rev: LIBERTASRESTITVTA, Libertas standing right, holding pileus and long sceptre.


RIC 83, BMC 15 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMANIMPTRP - Laureate head right.
Rev: SPQR/OB/CS - In three lines within oak-wreath.


RIC 90, BMC 20 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMIMPAVGTRP - Laureate head right.
Rev: CONCORDIAPR - Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia. Lot sold for $93 1/26/02.


RIC 107, BMC 34 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMIMPAVGTRP - Laureate head right
Rev: PONTMAXIM - Vesta, veiled and draped, seated right on throne, holding patera and scepter. Lot sold for $225 11/22/01.


RIC 109, BMC 39 AR Denarius Obv: AVITELLIVSGERMIMPAVGTRP. Head, laureate, right.
Rev: XVVIRSACRFAC. Tripod-lebes with dolphin lying right on top and raven standing right below.


RIC 155d, Cohen 121 AR Denarius Obv: TCAEIMPVESPPONTRPOT - Laureate head right
Rev: NEPRED - Neptune standing left, holding acrostolium and scepter, right foot on globe. Lot sold for $124 11/20/01.