[1]Ruler                             Rarity AE    Rarity AR[2]

 

Julius Caesar, 49-44 BC                                                             ?                                          6

Augustus (Octavian), 27 BC – 14 AD                                       4                                          6

Livia (wife of Augustus)                                                               6                                          N/A

Agrippa (friend of Augustus)                                                      5                                          N/A

Tiberius, 14-37                                                                              6                                          6

Julia (wife of Tiberius)                                                                   N/A                                    9

Nero Claudius Drusus (brother of Tiberius)                              5                                          8

Antonia (wife of Nero Claudius Drusus)                                   8                                          8

Drusus (son of Tiberius)                                                              4                                          N/A

Germanicus (son of Nero Claudius Drusus)                              4                                          N/A

Agrippina (wife of Germanicus)                                                   7                                          N/A

Nero and Drusus (sons of Germanicus)                                     6                                          N/A

Caligula, 37-41                                                                              5                                          8

Claudius, 41-54                                                                             3                                          8

Nero, 54-68                                                                                    5                                          6

Clodius Macer (68, usurper)                                                         N/A                                    9

Galba, 68-69                                                                                   6                                          5

Otho, 69                                                                                          N/A                                    6

Vitellius, 69                                                                                   7                                          5

Vespasian, 69-79                                                                           5                                          4

Domitilla (wife of Vespasian)                                                       8                                          8

Titus                                                                                                6                                          5

Domitian                                                                                         4                                          3

Domitia (wife of Domitian)                                                            8                                          9

Nerva, 96-98                                                                                   4                                          3

Trajan, 98-117                                                                               3                                          3

Plotina (wife of Trajan)                                                                  7                                          8

Marciana (sister of Trajan)                                                           7                                          7

Matidia (daughter of Marciana)                                                  7                                          8

Hadrian, 117-138                                                                          3                                          3

Sabina (wife of Hadrian)                                                               7                                          5

Aelius, 136-138                                                                             5                                          6

Antoninus Pius                                                                              4                                          3

Faustina Sr. (wife of Antoninus Pius)                                        4                                          3

Marcus Aurelius, 161-180                                                         5                                          3

Faustina Jr. (wife of Marcus Aurelius)                                       4                                          3

Lucius Verus, 161-169                                                                6                                          4

Lucilla (wife of Lucius Verus)                                                      5                                          5

Commodus, 177-192                                                                     4                                          3

Crispina (Wife of Commodus)                                                     7                                          5

Pertinax, 193                                                                                 7                                          7

Didius Julianus, 193                                                                    7                                          8

Manlia Scantilla (wife of Didius Julianus)                                  7                                          8

Didia Clara (daughter of Didius Julianus)                                  7                                          8

Pescennius Niger, 193-194                                                        7                                          7

Septimius Severus, 193-211                                                       6                                          3

Julia Domna (wife of Septimius Severus)                                   6                                          3

Caracalla, 198-217                                                                       6                                          3

Plautilla (wife of Caracalla)                                                           5                                          4

Geta, 209-212                                                                                7                                          3

Macrinus, 217-218                                                                       7                                          5

Diadumenian, 218                                                                         7                                          6

Elagabalus, 218-222                                                                     6                                          3

Julia Paula (1st wife of Elagabalus)                                             7                                          4

Aquilia Severa (2nd wife of Elagabalus)                                    8                                          5

Annia Faustina (3rd wife of Elagabalus)                                    9                                          7

Julia Soaemias (mother of Elagabalus)                                       6                                          4

Julia Maesa (grandmother of Elagabalus & S. Alexander)      6                                          4

Severus Alexander, 222-235                                                      5                                          3

Orbiana (wife of Severus Alexander)                                          8                                          6

Julia Mamaea (mother of Severus Alexander)                           6                                          4

Maximinus, 235-238                                                                    4                                          4

Paulina (wife of Maximinus)                                                         6                                          6

Maximus, 235-238                                                                        5                                          5

Gordian I, 238                                                                                7                                          7

Gordian II, 238                                                                               7                                          7

Balbinus, 238                                                                                 6                                          6

Pupienus, 238                                                                                6                                          6

Gordian III, 238-244                                                                     4                                          2

Tranquillina (wife of Gordian III)                                                 7                                          7

Philip I, 244-249                                                                           4                                          3

Otacilia Severa (wife of Philip I)                                                   4                                          3

Philip II, 247-249                                                                          4                                          3

Pacatian (c.248, usurper)                                                            N/A                                    9

Jotapian (c.248, usurper)                                                            N/A                                    9

Silbannacus (c.248, usurper)                                                     N/A                                    UNIQUE

Trajan Decius, 249-251                                                               4                                          3

Herennia Etruscilla (wife of Trajan Decius)                               4                                          3

Herennius Etruscus, 251                                                            4                                          4

Hostilian, 251                                                                                5                                          5

Trebonianus Gallus, 251-253                                                     4                                          3

Volusian, 251-253                                                                        4                                          4

Aemilian, 253                                                                                6                                          7

Cornelia Supera (wife of Aemilian)                                              9                                          9

Uranius Antoninus, (c.253, usurper)                                        9                                          9

Valerian I, 253-260                                                                      4                                          3

Mariniana (wife of Valerian)                                                         7                                          7

Valerian II, 256-258                                                                     5                                          4

Gallienus, 260-268                                                                       2                                          N/A

Salonina, (wife of Gallienus)                                                         3                                          N/A

Saloninus, 260                                                                               5                                          5

Regalianus (c.260, usurper)                                                       N/A                                    9

Dryantilla (wife of Regalianus)                                                  N/A                                    9

Postumus (c.260-269, usurper)                                                 4                                          3

Macrianus (c.260-261, usurper)                                                5                                          N/A

Quietus (c.260-261, usurper)                                                     5                                          N/A

Domitianus (c.261, usurper)                                                       UNIQUE                            N/A

Aureolus (c.267-268, usurper)                                                  7                                          N/A

Claudius II, 268-270                                                                     2                                          N/A

Marius (c.269, usurper)                                                              6                                          N/A

Laelianus (c.269, usurper)                                                          7                                          N/A

Victorinus (c.269-271, usurper)                                                3                                          N/A

Quintillus, 270                                                                              4                                          N/A

Aurelian, 270-275                                                                        2                                          N/A

Vabalathus (c.271-272, usurper)                                               6                                          N/A

Zenobia (mother of Vabalathus)                                                  8                                          N/A

Tetricus I (271-274, usurper)                                                    3                                          N/A

Tetricus II (c.273-274, usurper)                                                 3                                          N/A

Tacitus, 275-276                                                                           3                                          N/A

Florian, 276                                                                                    4                                          N/A

Probus, 276-282                                                                            2                                          N/A

Saturninus (c.280, usurper)                                                       UNIQUE                            N/A

Proculus (c.282, usurper)                                                           UNIQUE                            N/A

Bonosus (c.282, usurper)                                                            9 [3](controversial)             N/A

Carus, 282-283                                                                             3                                          N/A

Numerian, 283-284                                                                      3                                          N/A

Carinus, 283-285                                                                          3                                          N/A

Magnia Urbica (wife of Carinus)                                                 7                                          N/A

Nigrinian (son of Carinus)                                                            7                                          N/A

Diocletian, 284-305                                                                      2                                          6

Julian (c.284, usurper)                                                                9                                          N/A

Amandus (c.286, usurper)                                                           9 (controversial)               N/A

Maximianus, 286-305, 306-308 & 310                                    3                                          6

Carausius (287-293, usurper)                                                   4                                          7

Allectus (293-296, usurper)                                                       5                                          N/A

Domitius Domitianus (c.296-297, usurper)                             8                                          N/A

Constantius I, 305-306                                                                3                                          6

Helena (1st wife of Constantius I)                                               3                                          N/A

Theodora (2nd wife of Constantius I)                                        5                                          N/A

Galerius, 305-311                                                                         3                                          6

Galeria Valeria (wife of Galerius)                                                  4                                          N/A

Severus II, 306-307                                                                      5                                          8

Maximinus II, 309-313                                                                 3                                          6

Maxentius, 306-312                                                                      3                                          6

Romulus (son of Maxentius)                                                        5                                          N/A

Constantine I, 307-337                                                                1                                          7

Fausta (wife of Constantine I)                                                     3                                          8

Domitius Alexander (308-311, usurper)                                  8                                          N/A

Licinius, 308-324                                                                         2                                          8

Constantia (wife of Licinius)                                                        8                                          N/A

Valerius Valens, c.316                                                                9                                          N/A

Crispus, 316-324                                                                           2                                          8

Licinius Jr., 317-324                                                                    3                                          N/A

Martinian, 324                                                                               8                                          N/A

Delmatius, 335-337                                                                      4                                          8

Hanniballianus, 335-337                                                            7                                          9

Constantine II, 337-340                                                                 1                                          7

Constans, 337-350                                                                          1                                          6

Constantius II, 337-361                                                                 1                                          6

Nepotian, 350                                                                                 8                                          N/A

Vetranio (350, usurper)                                                               6                                          8       

Magnentius, 350-353                                                                   3                                          6

Decentius, 351-353                                                                       4                                          6

Constantius Gallus, 351-354                                                      1                                          6

Julian II, 360-363                                                                         2                                          6

Jovian, 363-364                                                                             3                                          6

Valentinian I, 364-375                                                                 1                                          6

Valens, 364-378                                                                            1                                          6

Procopius (365-366, usurper)                                                    4                                          7

Gratian, 367-383                                                                           2                                          6

Valentinian II, 375-392                                                                3                                          6

Theodosius I, 379-395                                                                  2                                          6

Aelia Flaccilla (wife of Theodosius I)                                         3                                          7

Magnus Maximus (383-388, usurper)                                      4                                          6

Flavius Victor (387-388, usurper)                                             6                                          8

[4]Arcadius, 383-407                                                                      2                                          6

Eudoxia (wife of Arcadius)                                                           3                                          9

Eugenius, 392-394                                                                        7                                          7

Honorius, 394-423                                                                        2                                          6

Theodosius II, 402-450                                                                3                                          6

Eudocia (wife of Theodosius II)                                                  6                                          7

Pulcheria (sister of Theodosius II)                                              6                                          8

Constantine III (407-411, usurper)                                           9                                          8

Constans II (c.409-411, usurper)                                               N/A                                    9

Maximus (409-411, usurper)                                                      9                                          9

Priscus Attalus, 409-410 (and 414-415 as usurper)             9                                          8

Jovinus (411-413, usurper)                                                        N/A                                    9

Sebastianus (c.412-413, usurper)                                             N/A                                    9

Constantius III, 421                                                                      [5]N/A                                   N/A

Johannes, 423-425                                                                       6                                          8

Valentinian III, 425-455                                                              5                                          6

Licinia Eudoxia (wife of Valentinian III & P. Maximus)            N/A                                    N/A

Galla Placidia (mother of Valentinian III)                                    5                                          7

Honoria (sister of Valentinian III)                                                N/A                                    N/A

Marcian, 450-457                                                                         5                                          7

Petronius Maximus, 455                                                             N/A                                    N/A

Avitus, 455-456                                                                             9                                          9

Leo I, 457-474                                                                                5                                          7

Verina (wife of Leo I)                                                                     6                                          N/A

Majorian, 457-461                                                                        7                                          8

Libius Severus, 461-465                                                             7                                          7

Anthemius, 467-472                                                                     8                                          8

Euphemia (wife of Anthemius)                                                    N/A                                    9

Olybrius, 472                                                                                 N/A                                    N/A

Glycerius, 473-474                                                                       N/A                                    [6]UNIQUE

Leo II, 473-474                                                                              9 (controversial)               N/A

Zeno, 474-491                                                                                5                                          7

Ariadne (wife of Zeno)                                                                  N/A                                    N/A

Julius Nepos, 474-475                                                                 9                                          9

Romulus Augustus, 475-476                                                      N/A                                    9

Basiliscus (and Marcus), 475-476                                            7                                          UNIQUE

Zenonis (wife of Basiliscus)                                                         7                                          N/A

Zeno and Leo, c.476                                                                     9                                          N/A

Leontius (484-488, usurper)                                                      N/A                                    N/A

Anastasius, 491-518                                                                    3                                          7

 

 

Summary:  The full Roman Imperial set has:

 

• A total of 134 emperors of which 34 were usurpers not counting Clodius Macer who was not hailed as emperor nor Tetricus II who only achieved the rank of Caesar.

• A total of 10 Caesars not counting Haniballianus whose title was King of Armenia.

• A total of 51 women (39 wives, 5 mothers, 4 sisters, 2 daughters and 1 grandmother)

• 5 emperors’ sons and one friend (Agrippa)

• A grand total of 203 persons (joint issues counted as one)

 

Note: Some arguably Roman issues were excluded from this tally such as Vindex, Antinous, Odovacar, etc.



[1] Emperors in bold, Caesars in italics

[2] With the exception of a few late-Roman issues, all gold coinage is very rare.

[3] The coinage of Bonosus and Amandus remain suspect as to authenticity.

[4] Emperors and their relatives from the Western court are highlighted in red

[5] Rulers with N/A in both columns are only known through gold specimens.

[6] Although there is only one known Siliqua attributed to Glycerius there are a handful of gold coins.