This material has been used for many years by Professor Tom Sienkewicz in his courses at Howard University and at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois. If you have any questions, you may contact him at


This analysis is based upon A Study of the "Iliad" in Translation by Frank Lowry Clark. (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1927).


I. Patroclus with Achilles, 1-100

a) Patroclus pities the Greeks, charges Achilles with hardness of heart, and appeals to Achilles to let him go forth and drive back the Trojans, 1-47

b) Achilles answers Patroclus, defending his own course but granting his friend's request and sending him forth, warning him, however, to do no more than turn back the Trojans from the ships, 48-100

II. Retreat of Ajax; firing of the ships, 101-23

III. Patroclus sent forth by Achilles, 124-255

a) Patroclus receives the command and puts on the armor of Achilles, 124-44

b) Automedon with the horses of Achilles, 145-54

c) The Myrmidons, 155-220a

d) The prayer of Achilles, 220b-52

IV. Victorious advance of Patroclus, 253-418

V. Death of Sarpedon, 419-683

VI. Death of Patroclus, 684-867

a) Reflections of the poet, 684-91

b) Continued advance of Patroclus, 692-97

c) Apollo smites the shield of Patroclus, 698-711

d) Apollo encourages Hector, 712-25

e) Hector confronts Patroclus, 726-35

f) Patroclus kills Cebriones, Hector's charioteer, 736-50

g) Patroclus and Hector fight over the body of Cebriones, 751-76

h) Fall of Patroclus: Struck with the open palm by Apollo, wounded by Euphorbus, laid low by Hector, 777-829

i) Hector taunts Patroclus, 830-42

j) Patroclus' answer foretelling the death of Hector, 843-54

k) Death of Patroclus; Automedon escapes with the horses and chariot of Achilles, 855-end

Note: The Patrokleia continues through XVIII.34

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