This material has been used for many years by Professor Tom Sienkewicz in his courses at Howard University and at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois. If you have any questions, you may contact him at


This analysis is based upon A Study of the "Iliad" in Translation by Frank Lowry Clark. (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1927).

I. Conclusion of the Hoplopoiia; the new armor is brought to Achilles by Thetis, 1-39

II. The Menidos Aporrhesis ("Renunciation of Wrath"), by Achilles, 40-275

a) Achilles calls an assembly, 40-55

b) Speech of Achilles renouncing his wrath, 56-73

c) Reply of Agamemnon, including allegory of Ate, illustrated by legend of birth of Hercules, 74-144

d) Answer of Achilles, urging immediate battle, 145-53

e) Reply of Odysseus, advocating eating before fighting, 154-83

f) Response of Agamemnon, favoring delay till gifts are brought, 184-97

g) Reply of Achilles, again urging immediate battle and refusing to taste food till Patroclus is avenged, 198-214

h) Answer of Odysseus, again urging necessity of eating food before fighting, 215-37

i) The promised gifts are brought, and Agamemnon takes the required oath, 238-68a

j) Final speech of Achilles, 268b-75

III. Lamentation for Patroclus, 276-337

a) Lament of Briseis, 276-300

) Achilles refuses to eat and mourns for Patroclus, 301-37

IV. Athena at the command of Zeus refreshes Achilles with nectar and ambrosia, 338-56, 338-56

V. Beginning of the Achilleidos Proteleia ("Achilles Career of Vengence"; literally, "Achilles' Preliminary Sacrifice," the crowning sacrifice being the death of Hector), 357-424 (end) (including the incident of the speaking horse, 399-424)

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