THE ILIAD: summary
I 1-7 Invocation of the Muse.
8-21 Chryses begs the return of his daughter.
22-52 Apollo punishes the Greeks with a plague.
53-129 A Achilles calls meeting; Kalchas tells cause of plague.
130-311 Achilles and Agamemnon argue; Nestor fails to restore peace.
312-317 Purification of camp and sacrifices to Apollo.
318-347 Agamemnon takes Briseis from Achilles.
348-427 Achilles determines to abstain from battle; Thetis approves and promises revenge.
428-487 Chryseis is returned with gifts.
488-533 Zeus gives in to Thetis, promises Trojan victories until Achilles is satisfied.
534-567 Hera, angered at this, argues with Zeus over dinner.
568-611 Saddened by this argument, the gods are restored to good spirits by the antics of Hephaistos.
II 1-40 Zeus deceptively sends Dream to Agamemnon promising victory.
41-100 Before dawn, Agamemnon reveals dream to chieftains, then calls a general assembly.
101-154 As a test, Agamemnon pretends Greeks are to leave Troy; they fail the test and rush to the ships.
155-210 Odysseus, warned by Athene, forces Greeks back to camp.
211-277 The Thersites incident. (comic relief?)
278-393 Odysseus and Nestor address Greeks; Agamemnon fills them with ardor for battle.
394-484 The chieftains dine with Agamemnon; the men dine & sacrifice, chieftains arrange them into ranks.
485-770 The Catalogue of the Greeks.
771-785 Achilles broods by the sea and by his ships.
786-877 The Catalogue of the Trojans.
III 1-37 Paris challenges bravest Greek to combat, flees when Menelaos takes up challenge.
38-110 Chided by Hektor, Paris returns; Menelaos demands an oath in the presence of Priam.
111-244 Armies lay down their arms, sacrifices are prepared; meanwhile Helen from the walls point out Greek heroes to Priam and Trojan elders.
245-301 Summoned, Priam comes to the field and supervises oath: the winner will get Helen and her wealth.
302-382 Paris and Menelaos fight after Priam departs; Aphrodite rescues the wounded Paris, desposits him in bedchamber.
383-448 Aphrodite brings Helen to Paris, forcing her to receive him.
449-461 Menelaos vainly seeks Paris; Agamemnon demands the rewards of the victory according to the oath sworn.
IV 1-49 Hera extorts from zeus promise of Troyís defeat.
50-104 Athenz persuades Pandaros to break the truce.
104-219 Machaon heals the non-fatal wound of Menelaos.
220-421 Trojans rearm and return to fight; Agamemnon praises the alacrity of some Greeks, chides the slowness of others.
422-544 Battle is joined; Area ands Apollo aid Trojans, Athens aids Greeks; there is bloodshed on both sides.
V 1-94 Diomedes, under the protection of Athens who tricks Area away from the battle, rages against the Trojans.
95-166 He is wounded by Pandaros but fights on.
167-296 He kills Pandaros who was fighting from Aeneasí chariot.
297-310 He wounds Aeneas who protects the body of his friend, Pandaros.
311-351 He wounds Aphrodite as she tries to rescue the wounded Aeneas.
352-431 Aphrodite, rescued by Iris, is conducted to Olympus in Aresí chariot, where she is comforted by her mother Dione, to the amusement of other gods.
432-460 Aeneas, deserted by his mother, is saved from Diomedesí wrath by Apollo who places him on the citadel and then recalls Ares to battle.
461-518 Ares stirs up the Trojanís faltering spirits; Aeness returns to their aid.
519-710 The Greeks fight on; many are killed on both sides; the Greeks fall back slightly.
711-777 Hera and Athens come from Olympus to aid the Greek.
778-863 The Greecks are stirred up by Heraís voice; Diomedes, aided by Athens, wounds Ares himself.
864-909 Ares retreats to Olympus and is healed; the goddnessed follow.
VI 1-101 Trojans incline towards flight;Helanos, a Trojan prophet and a brother of Hektor, urges Hektor to call for a public supplication of Athena by the women of Troy.
102-236 Hektor goes to the city.
The Episodes of Claukos and Diomedes.
237-311 Hekuba and the women, at Hektorís urging, supplicate Athens at her temple in Troy.
312-368 Hektor chides Paris for staying at home; leads him back.
369-502 Farewell of Hektor to his wife, Andromache, and his baby son, Astayanax.
503-529 Paris soon follows his brother Hektor back to battle.
VII 1-16 Hektor and Paris press on against the Greeks.
17-90 Hektor challenges the bravest Greek to single combat.
90-122 Agamenon discourages Menelaos from volunteering.
123-205 Prodded by Nestor, nine Greek heroes volunteer; the lot falls to Aias, son of Telamon.
206-312 Hektor ans Aias fight to a draw and at nightfall exchange gifts and withdraw.
313-364 At a meeting, Nestor proposes a truce for burial of the dead and to fortify the ships and camp. At a Trojan meeting, Antenor proposes the surrender of Helen and her wealth for the sake of peace; Paris refuses to give up Helen, but he is willing to give back her wealth.
365-420 Priam orders this word be brought to the Greeks; a truce is declared to bury the dead.
421-464 The burials take place; the Greeks protect their ships with a wall and a ditch; Poseidon is angered at this.
465-482 Nightfall with thunder follows the dinner at the end of the day.
VIII 1-52 At a gathering, Zeus forbids the gods to take sides in the battle, he rides his chariot to Mt. Ida.
52-77 In the morning he watches from Ida,weighs the fates of the two sides; the fates go against the Greeks and he sends thunderbolt portending disaster for them.
78-250 Greeks are driven back to their wall, while Hera vainly entreats the aid of Poseidon; Agamemnon revives their spirits.
251-334 The Greeks rally and counterattack; Teucer wounds many Trojans, is wounded in turn by Hektor.
335-437 The Greeks fall back again;Hera and Athena try to help but are prevented by Zeus who has spotted them at it.
438-484 Zeus berates the two goddesses on Olympus and promises worse disaster on the morrow.
485-565 The fighting ends with the nightfall; the victorious Trojans camp on the battlefield, lighting many fires to prevent an attack or escape by the Greeks.
IX 1-28 Agamemnon proposes flight to the chieftans.
29-78 Diomedes and Nestor dissuade him.
79-113 Dinner is held in Agamemnonís tent; they discuss what can be done to satisfy Achilles.
114-161 Agamamnon says that, if Achilles renounces publicly his warth, he will return to Achilles Briseis and send gifts as well.
162-184 Phoenix, Ajax of Telemon, Osysseus are sent as envoys.
185-668 The Embassy to the Achilles
--Achilles greets the envoys warmly.
--He rejects their pleas and the promises of Agamemnon.
--He asks Phoenix to stay as his guest for the night.
669-713 Ajax and Odysseus report the failure of the mission; Diomede encourages the afflicted and faltering chieftains.
X 1-193 Agamemnon, sleepless, with Menelaos, wakens Nestor and other chieftans for a night conference.
194-271 Yhey decide to send Diomedes and Odysseus as spies to the Trojan camp.
272-298 A good omen is discovered.
299-381 The spies, crossing nomanís land, come upon Dolon, a Trojan on his way to spy on the Greeks.
382-464 Dolon, frightened, tells all, especially about the ally Rhesus; Dolon is slained.
465-503 The two spies come upon the encampment of Rhesus, slay his men in their sleep and drove off the horses.
504-579 They make good escape back to the Greeck camp.
XI 1-66 Agamemnon, in splendor, leads his troops to battle; Hektor and the Trojan leaders do the likewise.
67-162 The Trojans, frightened by Agamemnon, fall back to the walls of Troy.
163-283 Hektor falls back to the walls of the city; commanded by Zeus he beats back onset of Agamemnon until Agamemnon, wounded, retires.
284-309 Hektor returns to the battle and restores the Trojan spirit.
310-40 Diomedes, Odysseus and Ajax restore Greek spirits; Diomedes wounded by Paris retires.
401-488 Odysseus wounded by Sokus, is rescued by Menelaos and Ajax.
489-596 Machaon and Eyrupylus are wounded by Paris.
597-617 Achilles seeing Machaon on Nestorís chariot, sends Patroklos to learn what has happened.
618-803 Patroklos recognizes Machaon; learns from Nestor the bad news of battle, is asked by him to try to get Achilles back into battle or to wear Achillesí armour himself and fight.
804-848 On the way back, Patrolos runs into Eurypylus who has been wounded, brings him to his tent and tends his wound.
XII 1-59 The Greeks withdraw behind their walls and watch the onslaught of the Trojans.
60-107 Advised by Poulydamas, the Trojans dismount from their chariots and advance in five groups.
108-194 Asius attempts an assault on one of the gates from his chariot and is replused with losses to his men.
195-250 An unlucky omen interpreted by Poulydamas does not deter Hektor from continuing the assault.
251-289 The Greeks, especially the two Aiases, defend the camp valiantly.
290-377 Sarpedon and Galukos, Trojan heroes, attack and are repulsed by Ajax and Teucer.
378-399 Epicles, friend of Sarpedon, is wounded by Ajax; Glaukos by Teucer; finally part of the wall is torn out by Sarpedon.
400-471 The Greeks hold off the Lykians, Trojan allies, from breaking in; Hektor breaks down the gate with the boulder and opens the way to the ships of the Greeks for his men.
XIII 1-42 With the wall broken here and there, Trojans kill Greeks; Poseidon in pity and without Zeusí knowledge aids the Greeks in defending their ships.
42-124 In the form of a human, Poseidon encourages the two Aiases and other chieftans.
125-205 Therefore, the Aiases and others keep Hektor from destroying the ships.
205-329 Idomeneus, driven to arm himself by Poseidon, aids those Greeks on the left flank who need help.
330-362 Fierce battle ensues; Zeus helps the Trojans, Poseidon the Greeks; Idomeneus excels among the Greek heroes.
363-672 He kills Othryoneus, Asius, Alkanthous; then with Meriones , Antilochos, and Menlaos he valiantly attacks Aeneas, Deiphobus, Helenus, and Paris.
673-808 The Aiases and others so press upon Hektor that the Trojans begin to fall back; but Hektor, advised by Poulydamas, makes a counterattack.
809-837 Ajax makes a fresh attack; great fighting continues on both sides.
XIV 1-26 Aroused by the clamor, Nestor leaves his tent where Machaon is recuperating to see what has happened.
27-81 He meets Agamemnon, Odysseus, and Diomedes returning wounded fron the battle; Agamemnon contemplates flight for the Greeks.
82-152 Odysseus disgrees; Diomedes persuades all to return to the fray where they may help their men by their presence; as he goes along, Agamemnon is comforted by Poseidon.
153-351 Hera, to aid the Greeks, prepares to beguile Zeus with her womanly charm, enlisting the innocent help of Aphrodite; Sleep is summoned from Lemnos to cast a spell on Zeus.
352-401 While Zeus sleeps, Poseidon openly aids the Greeks.
402-439 Hektor, wounded by Ajax, is carried off and cared for by his companions.
440-522 The Greeks turn the Trojans back from the ships; Ajax, son of Oileus, excels among the Greeks.
XV 1-11 Zeus awakens to see Poseidon helping the Greeks.
12-77 He commands Hera to call Iris and Apollo from Olympus; he will use them to help the Trojans, at the same time he predicts the ultimate fall of Troy.
78-142 Ares hears from Hera of the death of his son Ascalaphos and he burns for vengence; Athena calms him.
143-219 Apollo and Iris come to Zeus and Poseidon is dissuaded from further battle.
220-280 Apollo heals Hektor, returns him to battle, and restore the Trojans flagging fortunes.
281-389 Hektor attacks the bravest Greeks, kills some, put others to flight; Apollo goes before him with the aegis frightening the Greeks; the wall is torn down and the Trojans have access to the ships.
390-404 Patroklos returns to Achilles from Eurypylus to beg him to aid the Greeks.
405-590 The Greeks fight bitterly by the ships; many fall on both sides.
591-746 The Greeks fall back among the ships; Ajax tries to defend the ships from the fires Hektor is starting to spread among them.
XVI 1-100 Achilles allows Patroklos to wear his armor and drive the Greeks from the ships, warning him to go no further.
101-123 Ajax is unable to fight off the fires.
124-256 Achilles calls Patroklos to arm, lines up his men, addresses them, and prays for Patroklos in private.
257-305 Thinking Patroklos to be Achilles, the Trojans fall back, the ships are freed from seige, the fires are extinguished.
306-418 Patroklos drives the Trojans back over the walls.
419-507 Patroklos kills Sarpedon, a son of Zeus and a Trojan ally.
508-683 A struggle ensues over his body; it is snatched away.
684-711 Patroklos chases Trojans to city, scales the wall, but is repulsed by the god himself.
712-782 He faces up to Hektor, he kills Hektorís charioteer and makes off with the body.
783-867 He kills more Trojans until, stunned by Apollo, he is wounded by Euphorbus and finished off by Hektor.
XVII 1-60 Menelaos killls Euphorbus as he makes off with Patroklosí armor.
61-139 Menelaos summons Ajax to help defend Patroklosí body, which would be captured by the Trojans without his help.
140-261 Hektor yields to Ajax; then wearing Achillesí captured armor he returns to capture Patroklosí body, calling his bravest men to the task; the best of the Greeks, called by Menelaos, rush to his aid.
262-425 A bitter fight takes place over the body, Menelaos vs. Hektor, and the followers of each.
426-483 Achillesí horses, weeping for dead Patroklos, are strengthened by Zeus and return pulling Achillesí chariot and his charioteer Automedon.
484-596 Hektor, Aeneas, and others attack the chariot to capture the fine horses; the Greeks withstand this attack and continue to defend Patroklosí body; Athena strengthens Menelaos; Apollo aids Hektor with Zeusí approval.
597-701 The Greek line falters; Ajax wavers; Menelaos dispatches Antilochos to Achilles with the tragic news of his friendís death.
702-761 Menelaos and Meriones begin to carry off Patrolaosís body while others of the Greeks fend off the Trojanís attack.
XVIII 1-34 Hearing the bad news of Patroklos, Achillles weeps.
35-137 Thetis comes from the sea to console him; she bids him put off his revenge for one day while she has Hepahaistos fashion new armor for him.
138-231 Thetis leaves for Olympus; the battle for Patroklos goes on; the Trojans are on the point of prevailing when Achilles appears in person on the ramparts of the Greek encampment and with a shriek terrifies the Trojans and put them to flight.
232-242 The Greeks grings the body of Patroklos to Achillesí camp.
243-314 The Trojans hold the tumultuous meeting; Poulydamas urges them to remain in the city and avoid the wrathful revenge of Achilles; Hektor and others disagree with this plan.
315-355 The Trojans spend a vigilant night; the Greeks mourn for Paroklos, care for his body and place it on a bier.
356-427 At Olympus, where Zeus had been chiding Hera for stirring up Achilles, Thetis is warmly received at the house of Hephaistos, the fire god.
428-617 Hephaistos accends to her wishes and fashions new arms for Achilles.
XIX 1-39 Thetis brings Achilles his new armor at dawn, urges him to join battle; she magically embalms the body of Patroklos to preserve it.
40-73 Achilles calls a meeting at which he renounces his warth.
74-153 Agamemnon confesses in turn his error and offers gifts through Odysseus; Achilles, intent on revenge, ignores them.
154-275 But he yields to Odysseus,waits while the troops breakfast, publically accepts the gifts and receives back Briseis, whom Agamemnon solemnly swears he has not touched.
276-339 The gifts are brought into his tent where the women weep for Patroklos; Achilles again weeps and refuses food.
340-424 He is restored to strength by Athena, puts on his new armor, ascends his chariot with automedon; one of his horses predicts the future and he sets out for battle.
XX 1-30 At a meeting on Olympus, Zeus gives the gods permission to aid whom they will, so that th wrath of Achilles may not accomplish the premature downfall of Troy.
31-74 The gods proceed to battle: Hera, Athena, Poseidon, Hermes, Hephaistos, too aid the Greeks; Ares, Apollo, Diana, Leto, Xanthos, Aphrodite, to aid the Trojans; the earth trembles at their arrival.
75-155 Before battle is joined, Apollo urges Aeneas on against Achilles who is pressing toward Hektor; meanwhile, the gods, on the advice of Poseidon, remain on the sidelines for the time being.
156-352 Achilles and Aeneas go to it; Poseidon rescues Aeneas in a cloud because of his particular destiny.
353-418 Hektor, about to attack Achilles, is recalled by Apollo; Achilles kills many Trojans, among them Polydoros, a son of Priam.
419-454 To avenge the death of his brother Polydoros, Hektor attacks Hektor; Apollo snatches him away in a cloud.
455-503 Achilles rages against the Trojans, filling the field with corpses.
XXI 1-33 Achilles drives some Trojans to the city, others into the river Xanthus (called also Skamandros, under the protection of the god Xanthus); he kills many in the water but saves twleve as a funeral offering for Patroklos.
34-135 He kills Lycaon, son of Priam, though he surrenders.
136-210 He kills Asteropaeus with some of his followers.
211-271 Xanthos, the river, choked with bodies, orders him to leave; Achilles refuses and the river tries to drown him.
272-384 Poseidon and Athena aid the struggling Achilles; Xanthos calls upon the river Simoeis for help; Hera sends Hephaistos against Xanthus; he burns up the river and has to be called off by Hera.
385-513 The gods pair off to fight:Ares, Aphorite--Athena; Apollo--Poseidon; Hera--Artemis; Hermes--Leto.
514-543 After this the gods and goddesses return to Olympus except Apollo who makes for Troy; Achilles rages on; Priam orders the closing of the gates.
544-611 Apollo, by a ruse, keeps achilles away from the city as the refugees enter the gates.
XXII 1-89 With each army withdrawn from the field, Hektor awaits Achilles before the gates, while his weeping parents, from the walls, begs him to escape while he can.
90-166 Hektor however holds fast; then, frightened by Achillesí aspect,flees; Achilles chases him around the city walls three times.
167-247 Zeus pities Hektorís plight; he weighs the fates and finds it is Hektorís doomday; Apollo abadons Hektor and Apollo chases him with a false vision of his brother Polydoros.
248-305 The heroes meet; Athena aids Achilles and tricks Hektor.
306-404 Achilles transfixes Hektor with a spear, strips his body, and disgraces the corpse, drags it by chariot to the ships.
405-515 The city bewails the death of Hektor from the walls; Andromache learns the tragic news.
XXIII 1-58 The Myrmidons process around the bier of Patroklos; Achilles provides them a feast, though he himself dines with Agamemnon, setting a date for the funeral.
59-107 That night Patrklos appears to Achilles in a dream, begging burial.
108-225 Next morning the body is burned with much ceremony.
226-256 The following day the ashes are collected in a urn and a mound of earth is raised over it.
257-650 Achilles declares games with prizes in Protroklosí honor; there is a chariot race: Diomedes, Antilochos, Menelaos, Merione, Eumelos, Nestor.
651-699 Epeus and Euryalos box.
700-739 Ajax and Odysseus wrestle.
740-797 Odysseus, Ajax of Olieus, Antilochos race.
798-825 Diomedes and ajax of Telemon fight with weapons.
826-849 Polypoetes throws the discus.
850-883 Meriones and Teucer contend with bow and arrow.
884-897 Agamemnon and Meriones throw the javelin.
XXIV 1-18 The games over, the Greeks eat and sleep; Achilles after a sleepless night, drags the body of Hektor around the tomb.
19-54 Some of the gods approve, some disapprove of the actions of Achilles going on for so many days; Apollo complains bitterly.
55-186 Therefore: Zeus, through Thetis, command Achilles to desist, to accept a ransom and surrender the body; at his command, Iris tells Priam to offer a ransom and retrieve the body.
187-282 On the 12th night after the death of Hektor, Priam secretly prepares a ransom, loads a chariot and enlists the aid of Idaeus, a herald.
283-330 A libation is offered; favorable omens are received; they set out.
331-467 Hermes guides them through the sleeping Greeks.
468-676 Achilles accepts the ransom, orders the preparation of the body, grants an eleven day truce for burial, feeds Priam and dismisses him.
677-776 Helped by Hermes, Priam returns Hektorís body to Troy, where the entire population comes out to greet it with lamentation; Andromache, Hecuba, and Helen mourn over the body.
777-804 The burial of Hektor.