Latin Phrases in Ayers
Lesson XXV

pp. 139-142

Note: Definitions are from the American Heritage Dictionary

ad hoc adv. 1. For the specific purpose, case, or situation at hand and for no other: a committee formed ad hoc to address the issue of salaries. adj. 1. Formed for or concerned with one specific purpose: an ad hoc compensation committee. 2. Improvised and often impromptu: “ On an ad hoc basis, Congress has . . . placed . . . ceilings on military aid to specific countries ”  New York Times [Latin ad to hoc this]
ad hominem adj. 1. Appealing to personal considerations rather than to logic or reason: Debaters should avoid ad hominem arguments that question their opponents' motives. [Latin ad to hominem, accusative of homo man] ad hominem adv.
ad nauseam
adv. 1. To a disgusting or ridiculous degree; to the point of nausea. [Latin ad to nauseam, accusative of nausea sickness]
ad valorem adv. In proportion to the value: ad valorem duties on imported goods. Latin ad, to + valorem value.]
alma mater  or Alma Mater n. 1. The school, college, or university that one has attended. 2. The anthem of an institution of higher learning. [Latin alma nourishing mater mother]
alter ego
n. 1. Another side of oneself; a second self. 2. An intimate friend or a constant companion. [Latin alter other ego I, self]
de facto adv.  In fact.  Actually.  As a matter of fact, though not of law.  In reality.-adj.  Exercising powers or privileges in practice buy not by legally sanctioned right.  Bukar is the de jure head of department buy, since he has other engagements, his work in the department is done by Smith, the de facto head of department.  Cf. de jure. [L. de of, from about, for (1); facto deed, act fact (2): from the deed/act.] 
de iure adv. adj. Law 1. According to law; by right. [Latin de from iure, ablative of ius law]
et cetera Abbr. etc. 1. And other unspecified things of the same class; and so forth. n. et·cet·er·a 1. A number of unspecified persons or things. 2. etceteras Additional odds and ends; extras.
ex cathedra adv. adj. 1. With the authority derived from one's office or position: the pope speaking ex cathedra; ex cathedra determinations. [Latin ex cathedra ex from cathedra, ablative of cathedra chair]
ex officio
adv. adj. 1. By virtue of office or position. [Latin ex officio ex from officio,ablative of officium office]
ex post facto adi. Formulated, enacted or operating retroactively. Used esp. of a law. [Lat. expostfacto: ex from + postfacto that which is done afterward.] 
habeas corpus
n. Law. One of a variety of writs that may be issued to bring a party before a court or judge, serving to release the party from unlawful restraint. [Lat.  habeas you may have + corpus body.]  
in toto adv. 1. Totally; altogether: recommendations that were adopted in toto. [Latin in in , ablative of totus all]
ipso facto
adv. 1. By the fact itself; by that very fact: An alien, ipso facto, has no right to a U.S. passport. [New Latin ipso,ablative of ipse itself Latin facto,ablative of factum fact]  
modus operandi n. pl. modi operandi 1. A method of operating or functioning. 2. A person's manner of working. [Lat. modus mode, way + operandi of working.] 
modus vivendi
n. pl. modi vivendi 1. A manner of living; a way of life. 2. A temporary agreement between contending parties pending a final settlement. [Lat. modus mode, way + vivendi of living.] 
ne plus ultra n. 1. The highest point, as of excellence or achievement; the ultimate. 2. the most profound degree, as of a condition or quality. [Lat. ne no + plus more + ultra beyond.] 
non sequitur n. 1. An inference or conclusion that does not follow from the premises or evidence.. 2. A statement that does not follow logically from what preceded it. [Lat. non  sequitur it does not follow.] 
per capita adv. adj. 1. Per unit of population; per person: In that year, American s earned $15,304 per capita. Among the states, Connecticut has a high per capita income. 2. Equally to each individual. [Medieval Latin by heads Latin per per Latin capita, accusative pl. of caput head]
per diem adv. Abbr. p.d. P.D. 1. By the day; per day. adj. 1. Reckoned on a daily basis; daily. 2. Paid by the day. n. pl. per diems 1. An allowance for daily expenses. [Latin per per diem, accusative of dis day]
per se adv. 1. Of, in, or by itself or oneself; intrinsically. [Latin per by,  se, itself]    
persona non grata
adi. Fully unacceptable or unwelcome, esp. to a foreign government. [Lat. persona person + non grata not welcome.] 
prima facie adv. At first sight; before closer inspection. --adj 1.  True, authentic, or adequate at first sight; ostensible.  2. Evident without proof or reasoning; obvious. [Lat. prima first  + facie shape, face.] 
quasi adj. 1. Having a likeness to something; resembling: a quasi success. [Middle English as if from Old French from Latin quasi quam as.]
quid pro quo n., pl. Giving something to receive something else in return.  Tit for tat. [L. quid what (1); pro for, on behalf of, in accordance with, as (2); quo what (3): what for what.]  
quorum n. 1. The minimal number of officers and members of a committee or an organization, usually a majority, who must be present for valid transaction of business. 2. A select group. [Middle English quorum of justices of the peace from Latin quorum of whom, from the wording of a commission naming certain persons as members of a body, genitive pl. of qui]
quota n., pl. 1. The share of something which each member.  2. A restricted percentage or number.  3.A fixed, assigned or determined goal. [L. from quota pars: quota what in number, how many (1); part, portion (2): what in part in number] 
reductio ad absurdum n., pl. reductiones ad absurdum Disproof of a propositon by showing the absurdity of its inevitable conclusion. [Lat. reductio  a bringing back, reduction + ad to + absurdum  absurd.]
sic adv. Thus, so. Used in written texts to indicate that a surprising or paradoxical word, phrase, or fact is not a mistake and is to be read as it stands. [Lat. sic thus.]
sine qua non n.  An essential element or condition. [Lat. sina (qua) causa) non without which (cause) not.]
status quo n. The existing condition or state of affairs. [Lat. status quo state in which.]