GERMAN and ENGLISH

Words Shared by German and English

winter - Winter
grass - Gras
gold - Gold
beer - Bier
name - Name
man - Mann
arm - Arm

mother - Mutter
father - Vater
daughter - Tochter
son - Sohn
sister - Schwester
brother - Bruder
niece - Nichte
nephew - Neffe
uncle - Onkel

boat - Boot
finger - Finger
shoe - Schuh
hand - Hand
lamb - Lamm

Loanwords in English from German

Word Wars I and II

gestapo
junker
nazi
stalag
blitzkrieg
kaiser
luftwaffe
fhrer
panzer
reich
putsch
realpolitik

FOOD

sauerkraut
hasenpfeffer
liverwurst
strudel
zwieback
Wiener schnitzel
wiener
schnapps
frankfurter
ratskeller
hamburger
stein

HISTORY OF IDEAS

vlkerwanderung
doppelgnger
gestalt
leitmotiv
angst
lied
zeitgeist
Weltanschauung
bermensch

Miscellaneous

gesundheit!
Donner
Blitzen
kindergarten
gemtlich
hex
poltergeist
hausfrau
kaput
klutz
ersatz
verboten
kitsch
spiel

DOGS

dachshund
schnauzer
Doberman pinscher
spitz

Some Loanwords in English from Yiddish

mensch
gefilte fish
schlep
bagelkibitz: to meddle, to give unwanted kibbitzer: a meddler
kvetcher: a chronic complainer
lox
shtick
k'nocher: a braggart
kuni lemmel: a simpleton
nudnick: a nag
nebbish: a sad sack
nudzh: a pesterer
gonif: a shady character
dreykop: an annoying person
chazzer: a greedy person
chaim yankel: a nobody
alter kocker: a crotchety old man
moishe pupik: a contrarian
meshugener:  a crazy man
pisher: a callow person
plosher: a blowhard
plaatke-mache: a troublemaker
putz
shmoozer:
a gossiper
schmo: a fall guy
shlemmiel: a social misfit
shimazel: a born loser
shvitzer: a show-off
schmaltz
schmuck
tumler:
a prankster
tsitser: a useless bystander

Back to the Top