The Hero: Definitions
The following definitions are from the American Heritage Dictionary.
Hera's name is the feminine form of heros.
Other important types of heroes:
The Epic Hero: At http://www.victorianweb.org/genre/epic2.html Phillip Allingham lists some characteristics of an epic hero. An epic hero is introduced in medias res, is both warrior and polished speaker, possesses supernatural talents or gifts, takes a long journey, has a corps of fellow warriors but does solitary deed, possesses virtues admired by his society, possesses arete (Greek virtue or excellence), proves excellence through a series of well-matched combat scenes (aristeia) with climactic confrontation with main antagonist, often a "god-despiser", encounters a divine or supernatural power.
The Tragic or Aristotelian Hero: a noble protagonist brought to ruin essentially as a
consequence of some extreme quality which is both his greatness and his downfall.
This document was placed on the web by Professor Thomas J. Sienkewicz for his students in CLAS230 Classical Mythology at Monmouth College, Monmouth, Illinois. It is based upon material he has used in mythology classes for many years, first at Howard University in Washington, D.C., and then at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois. If you have any questions, you may contact him at email@example.com.