Bibliography for Africa in the Ancient World

CLAS/HIST240 Ancient Societies
Monmouth College, Monmouth, Illinois
Instructor: Thomas J. Sienkewicz (

"The Challenge of 'Black Athena'" Arethusa Special Issue. Fall, 1989.

Ben Khader, Aicha Ben Abed and David Soren. Carthage: A Mosaic of Ancient Tunisia. New York, 1987.

Bernal, Martin. Black Athena. The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization. Vol. I and II. New Brunswick, NJ, 1987-1991.

Bevan, Edwyn. The House of Ptolemy. A History of Egypt Under the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Chicago: Argonaut. 1968.

Bunbury, E. H. A History of Ancient Geography. 2nd ed. New York, 1959.

Casson, L. Ancient Mariners: Seafarers and Sea Fighters of the Mediterranean in Ancient Times. New York, 1959.

Charles-Picard, G. and C. Daily Life in Carthage at the Time of Hannibal. New York, 1961.

Garbini, Giovanni. The Ancient World. New York, 1966.

Holland, Barbara. "Cleopatra: What Kind of a Woman Was She, Anyway?" Smithsonian Magazine Feb. 1997:57-63

Josephy, Alvin M., Jr., ed. The Horizon History of Africa. New York, 1971.

Karageorghis, Vassos. Blacks in Ancient Cypriot Art. Houston, Texas, 1988.

Lamb, Harold. Hannibal. New York, 1958.

Lefkowitz, Mary R. Not Out of Africa. How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History. New York., 1996.

Lefkowitz, Mary R. and Guy Maclean Rogers. Black Athena Revisited. Chapel Hill, 1992.

Levine, Molly M., ed. The Challenge of "Black Athena". In Arethusa. Special Issue. Fall, 1989.

__________. "The Use and Abuse of Black Athena". American Historical Review 97 (1992): 440-460.

Masciantonio, R. Africa in Classical Antiquity: A Curriculum Resource. Philadelphia, 1971.

MacKendrick, Paul. The North African Stones Speak. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Milton, Joyce. Sunrise of Power. Boston, 1986.

Ministry of Culture. Nubia. Cairo: Centre of Documentation.

Picard, G. Carthage. New York, 1965.

Sienkewicz, Thomas J. Review of Black Athena Revisited by Mary R. Lefkowitz, Mary and Guy MacLean Rogers in Magill's Literary Annual 1997 (Salem Press), 114-117. Reprinted as "Critics challenge Bernal's assumptions in Black Athena Revisited broadsides" in the ACL Newsletter Winter, 1998, pp. 24-27.

Snowden, Frank. Before Color Prejudice. The Ancient View of Blacks. Cambridge, 1983.

__________. Blacks in Antiquity: Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience. Cambridge, 1970.

Terrace, Edward L. B. and Henry G. Fischer, eds. Treasures of Art from the Cairo Museum. Boston, 1970.

Thompson, Lloyd A. Romans and Blacks. Norman, Ok. and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989.

Van Sertima, Ivan. Black Women in Antiquity. In Journal of African Civilizations 6 (1984).

Vercoutter, J., J. Lecland, F. M. Snowden, Jr. and J. Desanges. The Image of the Black in Western Art I: From the Pharaohs to the Fall of the Roman Empire. New York, 1976.

Veyne, Paul. ed. A History of Private Life. From Pagan Rome to Byzantium. Cambridge, 1987.

Vercoutter, Jean, Jean Leclant, Frank M. Snowden, Jr. and Jehan Desanges, eds. The Image of The Black. Vol. I. From the Pharaohs to the Fall of the Roman Empire. New York, 1976.

Warmington, B. H. Carthage. 2nd ed. New York, 1969.

"Was Cleopatra Black?" Newsweek Sept. 23, 1991:42-50.

Wheeler, Mortimer. Roman Africa in Color. New York, 1966.

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