CLAS240, Ancient Societies: Town and Country
Monmouth College, Spring 2003
Dr. V. Wine
- Hesiodís Works
and Days (University of California Press 1996)
Dyskolos (The Ill-tempered Man) (Oxford University Press 2002)
- Garnsey and
Sallerís The Roman
Empire (University of
California Press 1987)
- Finleyís The Ancient Economy
(University of California Press 1999)
This course examines,
historically and thematically, a topic from the Greek and Roman
cultures. The focus this semester is on the relationship between the
urban and rural cultures, economically and culturally. Readings and
discussion will explore the interconnection of the rural society in the
development of the urban areas; the function of agriculture within the
economy of both Greece and Rome; the similarities and differences in the
ways the Greeks and Romans viewed rural life. Along the way certain
themes will become evident: the farmer/soldier/citizen motif; ideal vs.
real; country bumpkin vs. urbanity; rural virtues vs. urban vices;
escape from the city.
The final grade will
be an average of two papers/projects and two exams. Half of each exam
grade will reflect weekly summaries and presentations. Participation
and attendance provide extra credit.
schedule of topics and readings gives dates of intended discussions and
assignments. The student is expected to keep informed of any changes
which might be made in class and, if absent, is responsible for what is
Jan. 14. Introduction to Greek and Roman culture
Jan. 16. Social and economic relationship of rural and urban areas
Jan. 21. Hesiodís Works and Days (WD) lines 1-273
Jan. 23. WD pp.1-15
Tuesday, Jan. 28. WD 274-535.
Thursday, Jan. 30. WD pp. 16-32
Feb. 4. WD 536-828.
Feb. 6. WD pp. 33-48
Feb. 11. Menanderís Dyskolos, Act 1
Feb. 13. "The Ancients and Their Economy" (F ch.1)
Feb. 18. Dyskolos, Acts 2-4
Feb. 20. "Orders and Status" (F ch.2)
Feb. 25. Dyskolos, Act 5
Feb. 27. Iliad 3.1-37 (similes from nature portraying strife),
(scenes on the shield of Achilles), Odyssey 7.112-32
(gardens of Alkinoos)
Mar 4. Test #1
Mar. 6. Projects due.
Mar 18. "Masters and Slaves" (F ch. 3)
Mar 20. "Landlords and Peasants" (F ch. 4)
Mar 25. "Town and Country" (F ch. 5)
Mar 27. Horace (Letters 1.7.46-59, 71-98; Satires
Odes 1.9, 3.6.37-44; Epodes 1.2)
Tuesday, Apr 1. "The State and
the Economy" (F ch.6)
Apr 3. "Further Thoughts" (F ch.7)
Apr 8. A Mediterranean Empire (GS ch. 1 and 2)
Apr 10. Aeneid 1.158-69 (a landscaped haven)
Apr 15. An Underdeveloped Economy (GS ch. 3-5)
Apr 17. the Roman agronomists
Apr 22. Pliny (Letters 5.67.7-13, 2.17.1, 3.1)
Apr 24. Social hierarchy (GS ch. 6-8)
Apr 29. the provinces
May 1. Religion, culture (GS ch. 9-10)
projects; take-home: c/c Greek and Roman views of rural life; "what
have you learned," presence and identification of motif, function of
agriculture in ancient economy and influence on politics and society
Write a paper which
reflects and describes an activity which allows you to integrate this
thematic study of antiquity with another area of interest. Some ideas
are to critique a piece of art, to compare other cultures or literature,
to write a short paper on any of the authors we are reading (or any
other author I approve) by integrating research from commentary. You
may also reference any of the recommended reading and discuss in your
paper what you find interesting and relevant. Each paper should be
about four pages in length (typed); paper two may be an extension of the
first paper or a completely different inquiry.
Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. London, 1969, chs. 4-8.
Davis. The Other Greeks. New York: The Free Press, 1995.
Heitland, W. E.
Agricola. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, Publishers,
1921, rpr 1970.
Houses, Villas and Palaces in the Roman World. London, 1975, ch. 5.
God and the Land. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Sherwin-White, A.N. The Letters of Pliny: a
social and economic commentary. Oxford, 1966.
Steiner, G. "Columella and Martial on Living in
the Country," Classical Journal, I, pt. 2 (1954): 85-90.
Wilkinson, L.P. The Roman Experience.