CLAS/HIST240 Ancient Societies:
Sport and Recreation in the Ancient World
Department of Classics
Monmouth College

Fall, 2008

NOTE:  This schedule will remain "in progress" throughout the semester. It will be modified as needed. Students are advised to consult this schedule periodically for changes, modifications, and additions.

Part I Introduction to Sports Ancient and Modern
Aug. 27 Course Introductions
Discussion: What is sport?
Monmouth College Statement of Athletic Philosophy
Aug. 29 The Vocabulary and Philosophy of Sport
The Vocabulary of Sport and Greek Athletic Vocabulary;
Kyle, Introduction (1-22); Miller, chapter 16
Sept. 1 Philosophy of Sport
the Philosophy of Sport / Philosophies of Sport /
Resource Guide in Philosophy of Sport / Riefenstahl's Olympiad
Sept. 3 Historical and Religious Framework of the Greek Athletic World
Miller, Introduction;
Chronology / Timeline of Roman History
Greek Pantheon / The Major Gods / Greek Gods and Sports
Miller, chapter 2 (As you read, make a list of the features of Greek athletics which seem strange to 21st-century Americans)
Arete #3-1
Sept. 5 The Modern Olympic Myth
Revival of the Ancient Olympics / The Olympic Games / ParalympicsIOC Website / Samaranch Aside, C.Avery Brundage
Kyle, chapter 5
Sept. 8 Amateurism vs. Professionalism, Nationalism and Internationalism in Ancient and Modern Sport
Miller, chapters 13 and 14; Arete #146-185;  The Real Story
/ Context and Spirit of the Games / Professionals vs. Amateurs / Corruption's as Ancient as Games; /
Sept. 10 Poetry and Athletics
Arete # 186-192;
Art Competitions at the Olympic Games / Ode for a Grecian MedalOxford Classicist Writes Ode for Olympics / "Ode to Athens" (ancient Greek original) by Armand D'Angour / "Ode to Athens" (English translation) by Armand D'Angour / A. E. Housman's "To An Athlete Dying Young"
Sept. 12  Pindar
The Poetry of Praise/ Pindar / Writing a Pindaric Epinikion
Note: Reading and discussion of Pindar's Odes will continue for several classes. You should bring your copy of Pindar to class every day. On Oct. 3rd you will hand in your own celebration of sport modeled on a Pindaric ode. This ode should be at least as long as D'Angour's "Ode to Athens."
Sept. 15  Interlude on Gladiators
Mahoney, chapter 2; Kyle, pp, 269-274; 279-285; 312-319
Archaeology Lecture on Gladiators: Classrooms 12 A/B Huff Athletic Center at 7:30 P.M. Attendance Required
Sept. 17 Gladiators
Discussion of Archaeology Lecture
Pindar's Olympian Odes (focus on #7 = Arete #189)
Sept. 19
1st Unit Exam
uiz will cover only Part I on the syllabus: Introduction, Vocabulary of Sport, Philosophy of Sport, Historical and Religious Framework, Amateurism and Professionalism, Pindar, and the Gladiator lecture.
Part I: 30 multiple choice questions 60% (see
1st Unit Exam for samples)
Part II: two out of three short essay questions on topics listed above 30%
Part III: one short essay question on the Gladiator lecture 10%
 Part II The Origin and Prehistory of Sport
Sept. 22 The Origin of Sport
Kyle, 23-25
Konrad Lorenz: Triumph Ceremony of the Greylag Goose / Measuring Behavior

Meynall: Ethology and Ethics
Pindar's Olympian Odes Cont.

Sept. 24  The Origin of Sport Cont.
Mayan Ballgame: Ballgame / Chichen Itza
Pindar's Pythian  Odes

Sept. 26 and 29 Athletics in the Early Mediterranean, Bronze Age Greece, and ancient Egypt
See Athletic Events in Prehistory
Ancient Egyptian Sports
Sports in Ancient China
Kyle, Chapters 1 and 2

Pindar's Nemean Odes (focus on #5 = Arete 187)
Oct. 1 Athletics in Homer
Kyle, chapter 3; Miller, chapter 3
 #1 and 2;  Homeric Age 
Pindar's Isthmian Odes (focus on #2 = Arete #190)
Part III Ancient Athletic Games and Athletic Events
Oct. 3 The Four Crown Games
Miller, chapter 4; Kyle, chapter 7
Ancient Nemea / Unearthing the First Olympics (Nemea) / Recreating the Nemean Games / Society for the Revival of the Nemean Games
Discussion of
Prospectus for Individualized Project (Prospectus is due on Oct. 15).
Pindaric Ode Celebrating Sports due
Oct. 6
2nd Unit Exam
Quiz will cover only Part II on the syllabus: the origin and prehistory of sport, world sports, Athletics in Homer and Pindar lecture. Be sure to review assigned readings and class powerpoints.
Part I: 20 multiple choice questions 40% (see
1st Unit Exam for samples)
Part II: three out of four short essay questions on topics listed above 60%
Oct. 8 and 10 No class
Work on your Prospectus for Individualized Project
Mid Course Evaluation due via e-mail before you leave for fall break
Oct. 13 Fall Break
Oct. 15 Athens and the Panathenaia
Kyle, chapter 8; Miller, chapter 7
Prospectus for Individualized Project DUE
Oct. 16 (Thursday)
Archaeology Lecture on Elgin Marbles:at 7:30 P.M. in Morgan Room of Poling Hall
Attendance Required
Oct. 17 Panathenaia Cont.
Discussion of Archaeology Lecture
Organization of the Festival
Arete #60-76; Olympic Festival in Antiquity
Oct. 20 Class will meet in Library to see Art Exhibit and Watch a Film
Oct. 24 Olympia and the Games
Miller, chapter 5; Kyle, chapter 6
Tour of Olympia / The Temple of Zeus
Oct. 27 Running and Marathon
Miller, chapter 4; Arete #12-19
Oct. 29 Pentathlon: Discus; Jumping and Javelin
Arete #32-46; Ovid on Apollo and Hyacinthus (or hand-out)
Miller's Ancient Greek Athletics Syllabus
Quiz on Olympic Site
Oct. 31 Combat Sports: Boxing, Wrestling, and Pankration
Arete #24-31
New websites: Ancient Greek Athletes / Famous Olympic Victors
Nov. 3 Equestrian Events and Non-Athletic Competitions
Arete #47-52 and
Nov. 5 Judging, Prizegiving, Spectators
Miller, chapter 10, Arete
#3-11: # 60a-d #77-83; and 121-130; 163-175 (There is a lot here to read, so just skim.
Nov. 7 Combat Sports: Boxing, Wrestling, and Pankration
Arete #24-31
New websites: Ancient Greek Athletes / Famous Olympic Victors
Nov. 12
Equestrian Events and Non-Athletic Competitions
Arete #47-52 and
Nov. 14
Sport in Sparta
Kyle, chapter 9

Women in Greek Sport

Arete # 96-106; Miller, chapter 8; Kyle, chapter 11
Nov. 17
3rd Unit Quiz 
Nov. 19
No class. Work on Individualized Project and submit written 200-word report on Fri. Nov. 21.
Part IV Roman Sports

Nov. 21
From Greece to Rome. Sports in Early Rome

Mahoney, chapters 1 and  4; Vergil, Aeneid V
Kyle, chapters 13-14

Nov. 24
From Greece to Rome. Sports in Early Rome
Mahoney, chapters 1 and  4; Vergil, Aeneid V
Kyle, chapters 13-14

Nov. 26 and 28 Thanksgiving Break

Dec. 1 Scenes from "Gladiator"
Dec. 3 Amphitheatres: The Colosseum
Circus Maximus
Read pp. 57-62 in Mahoney (Martial on Specatles)
The Gladiator Site
Dec. 5  Gladiators and Their Private Lives
Individualized Project due at 1:00 P.M.
Dec. 8 Gladiators and Their Private Lives
Dec. 10
4th Unit Quiz  (Map/Geography Quizzes?)
Dec. 16 Project Presentations, Course Evaluations, etc. 1 P.M.

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