CLAS240 Ancient Societies: Sport and Recreation

Sample Multiple Choice Questions

Note: These questions are based upon previous exams and quizzes. Not all topics are covered every time the course is offered. These questions should only be used as guidelines.

__________1. The original meaning of the English word "sport" is a.) to play; b.) to compete; c.) to amuse oneself; d.) to run; e.) to make love.

__________2. The Greek word arete means a.) excellence; b.) sport; c.) competition; d.) a measurement of distance; e.) an amusement.

__________3. The following is NOT a philosophy of sport: a.) sport as an aesthetic phenomenon; b.) sport as ethical training; c.) sport as history; d.) sport as a sign-world; e.) sport as a model for an Aachieving@ society.

__________4. The philosophy of sport proposed by Konrad Lorenz is: a.) sport as a form of the necessary discharge of intraspecific aggression; b.) sport as a medium of self- or life-fulfillment; c.) sport as excess strength and the root of creative living; d.) sport as a mean in the class struggle, of increasing production and overcoming alienation; e.) sport as symbolized father-son conflict and substitute narcissistic satisfaction.

__________5. In The Origin of Greek Athletics Sansone argues that sport originated in: a.) warfare; b.) ritual sacrifice; c.) song; d.) competition; e.) education.

__________6. The Mediterranean region where bull-leaping was a popular sport was: a.) Italy; b.) Crete; c.) Palestine; d.) China; e.) Egypt.

__________7. An ancient ballgame popularized by the gods was played by the: a.) Chinese; b.) Japanese; c.) Maya; d.) Egyptians; e.) Greeks.

__________8. The following event was NOT included in the funeral games for Patroclus in the Iliad: a.) stade; b.) chariot-race; c.) javelin; d.) discus; e.) boxing.

__________9. The hero Odysseus won back his wife=s hand in marriage via the following sport: a.) chariot-racing; b.) archer; c.) foot-race; d.) discus; e.) boat-racing.

_________10. The following word refers to the four years between the ancient games in honor of Zeus: a.) Olympic; b.) Olympics; c.) Olympus; d.) Olympiad; e.) Olympian.

_________11. The site of Olympia is dominated by a hill named after: a.) Pelops; b.) Zeus; c.) Hera; d.) Kronos; e.) Herakles.

_________12. The following person is NOT associated with a myth telling the founding of the ancient Olympic games: a.) Herakles; b.) Pheidias; c.) King Augeas of Elis; d.) King Iphitos of Elis; e.) Pelops.

_________13. The heralds who announced the Olympic Truce were called: a.) hippodromos; b.) spondophoroi; c.) halteres; d.) hellanodikai; e.) periodos.

_________14. The following city was NOT the site of a panhellenic or national athletic festival in ancient Greece: a.) Athens; b.) Corinth; c.) Nemea; d.) Olympia; e.) Delphi.

_________15. The following was NOT part of the Temple of Zeus: a.) the Pediment of the Chariot Race of Pelops; b.) Pheidias' Statue of Zeus; c.) the Pediment of the Great Altar of Zeus; d.) the Battle of the Lapiths and the Centaurs; e.) Metopes of the Labors of Herakles.

_________16. Stood on a pillar nine metres high near the Temple of Zeus: a.) the Leonidaion; b.) Pheidias' Zeus statue; c.) the Heroon; d.) the Zanes; e.) the Victory of Paionios.

_________17. The most remarkable feature of the Temple of Hera at Olympia was its: a.) columns; b.) statue of the goddess; c.) color; d.) location; e.) roof.

_________18. The burial mound of a hero at Olympia was: a.) the Pelopion; b.) the Philippeion; c.) the Prytaneion; d.) the Bouleuterion; e.) none of the above.

_________19. The length of the Olympic stadium is approximately: a.) 100 metres; b.) 192 metres; c.) 50 metres; d.) 300 metres; e.) 150 metres.

_________20. Contained a practice area as large as the Olympic stadium: a.) the palaistra; b.) the hippodrome; c.) the gymnasium; d.) the bouleuterion; e.) the Zanes.

_________21. The following event took place in the hippodrome: a.) chariot race; b.) discus; c.) foot-race; d.) javelin; e.) race in armor.

_________22. The long-distance foot race at the ancient Olympic games was called: a.) hoplitodromos; b.) marathon; c.) diaulos; d.) stade; e.) dolichos.

_________23. The following was NOT an event in the pentathlon: a.) wrestling; b.) jumping; c.) relay; d.) javelin; e.) discus.

_________24. The oldest Olympic event was the: a.) pankration; b.) dolichos; c.) chariot race; d.) stade; e.) boxing.

_________25. A four-horse chariot race was called: a.) tethrippon; b.) balbis; c.) dokimasia; d.) synoris; e.) hippodrome.

_________26. Athletes swore oaths to Zeus here: a.) Zanes; b.) Altar of Zeus; c.) Temple of Zeus; d.) Leonidaion; e.) Bouleuterion.

_________27. Contestants in javelin-throwing at Olympia did NOT compete: a.) in the stadium; b.) on foot; c.) with wooden javelins; d.) on horseback; e.) with a leather thong (ankyle).

_________28. Ancient Olympic jumpers used: a.) thongs; b.) poles; c.) weights (halteres); d.) no equipment; e.) special belts.

_________29. The following facility was NOT available at ancient Olympia: a.) hotel; b.) swimming pool; c.) gymnasium; d.) boxing rings; e.) practice areas.

_________30. The following was NOT a combat sport: a.) boxing; b.) wrestling; c.) pankration; d.) diaulos.

_________31. The following was NOT an event at the ancient Olympics: a.) competitions for trumpeters; b.) tethrippon; c.) marathon; d.) stade; e.) pankration.

_________32. Milo of Croton was victor at Olympia five times in the following event: a.) pentathlon; b.) stade; c.) pankration; d.) wrestling; e.) chariot-race.

_________33. Raising the right index finger is the pankratist's sign for: a.) assistance; b.) anger; c.) victory; d.) submission; e.) none of the above.

_________34. A triakter is the victor in a.) boxing; b.) stade; c.) wrestling; d.) jumping; e.) chariot-racing.

_________35. The myth of the Lapiths and the Centaurs illustrates the following event: a.) stade; b.) pankration; c.) discus-throwing; d.) chariot-driving; e.) javelin-throwing.

_________36. The most popular event at ancient Olympia was: a.) boxing; b.) pankration; c.) wrestling; d.) jumping; e.) chariot-racing.

_________37. The Greek god of horses and charioteers was: a.) Hades; b.) Poseidon; c.) Herakles; d.) Zeus; e.) Hippopotamus.

_________38. Apollo killed Hyacinthus with a: a.) discus; b.) javelin; c.) halter; d.) skamma; e.) ankyle.

_________39. The Greek god of athletes was: a.) Zeus; b.) Hermes; c.) Poseidon; d.) Hades; e.) Apollo.

_________40. The wrestling scene in the illustration depicts: a.) the Greeks and the Trojans; b.) the Lapiths and the Centaurs; c.) Hercules and Antaeus; d.) the Olympic pentathlon; e.) Theseus and Cercyon.

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