**If you have any questions about this list of mathematical words derived from Greek, please contact Tom
Sienkewicz at Monmouth College, Monmouth, Illinois at toms@monm.edu.**

**WORDS FROM GREEK**

ARITHMETIC: L. __arithmetica__, n., from G. __arithmetike__, adj. from G. __arithmos__, (number); see
note 2.

BASE: L. __basis__, from G. __basis__ ( a stepping, that on which one steps).

CENTRE: L. __centrum__, from G. __kentron__, (centre), through Fr. __centre__.

CIRCLE: L. __circulus__, dim. of __circus__ (a ring).

CUBE: Late L. __cubus__, from G. __kubos__ (a die used in the game of dice).

CUBIC: see cube and note 2.

CURVE: L. __curvus__ (bending, curved).

CYLINDER: L. __cylindrus__, from G. __kulindros__ (a roller).

DIAGONAL: L. __diagonalis__, from G. __diagonios__, __dia__ (through) + __gonia__ (angle); see note 4.

DIAMETER: L. __diametrus__, from G. __diametros__ (measuring through).

GEOMETRY: L. borrowed from G. __geometria__, n. (land-measure), from G. __ge__ (land) + __metron__ (a
measure).

GRAPHICAL: L. __graphicus__, from G. __graphikos__, adj. (pertaining to writing or drawing) + __al__; see
note 4.

HORIZONTAL: L. borrowed from G. __horizon__, n. (the bounding circle) + __al__; see note 4.

HYPOTENUSE: L. borrowed from G. __hypoteineusa__, pr.p. of __hypoteinein__ (to stretch under).

ISOSCELES: L. borrowed from G. __isoskeles__, adj., from __isos__ (equal) + __scelos__ (leg).
MATHEMATICS: Late L. __mathematica__, from G. __mathematika__, neut. pl. of adj. __mathematikos__,
from n. __mathema__ (something learned), from __manthanein__ to learn.

METHOD: Late L. __methodus__, from G. __methodos__ (pursuit of knowledge), __meta__ (with) + __hodos
__(way).

PARALLEL: L. __parallelus__, from G. __parallelos__, __para__ (beside) + __allelos__ (one another).

PROBLEM: L. __problema__ borrowed from G. __problema__, n. (something thrown or put forward).

PYRAMID: L. borrowed from G. __pyramis__, -__idos__, n. The ultimate origin of this word is unknown.

SPHERE: L. __sphera__, n. from G. __sphaira__ (ball). SYMBOL: L. __symbolum__, from G. __symbolon__, n.
(mark, token).