Some Notes on MYSTERIA1. Originally referred only to the secret celebration or secret worship available only to initiates of Eleusian mysteries of Demeter.
Synonyms: telete or orgia (orgy)
2. Any secret cult or ritual of initiation
3. Reveals or mysterious divine wisdom available only to a select few.
association of mysterium and sophia
association of religion and philosophy
Phenomenology of Mysteries
arcane cults and rituals
"things done, things said, things shown"
Some Theories of Mysteries
dying and rising divinities ((Wilhelm Mannhardt)
nature-myth theory of fertility/vegetation
rites of passage (Mircea Eliade)
ritual of early food cultivators (Adolf E. Jensen)
concept of "slain god"
Death or sacrifice of female divinity who was source of cultivated vegetation.
Eleusinian Mysteries (Demeter)
Oriental (Eastern) Mysteries:
Cult of Cybele (Phrygia)
Cult of Isis (Egypt)
Cult of Sarapis (Egypt)
Cult of Mithras (Persia)
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