World Archaeology: Controversy and Conflict
CLAS 120-04/HIST 120-02
Second ½ Semester, Spring 2017
11:00-12:15 Tuesday, Thursday
Instructor: Dr. Kyle Jazwa
Office: Hewes Library, Room 11A
Office Hours: 1:45-3:00 Thursday, and by appointment

Students will study several highlights of world archaeology through the context of heritage. Besides offering a general survey of significant archaeological remains, the main goal of this course is to consider the role of this material in politics and public responsibility. This means that we will consider major ethical issues and contentious debates that are still present in contemporary society.

Fairclogh, G., R. Harrison, J.H. Jameson Jr., and J. Schofield, eds. 2008. The Heritage
Reader. Routledge.
ISBN: 978-0415372862
Watson, P. 2007. The Medici Conspiracy: The Illicit Journey of Looted Antiquities from Italy’s Tomb
Raiders to the World’s Greatest Museums. Public Affairs.
ISBN: 978-1586484385

Writing Assign., Letter
April 4
Writing Assign., Book Review
April 20
May 2

All students are required to attend class lectures. Each student is permitted one unexcused absence during the half semester course. All subsequent absences will result in a 2% reduction to the course grade. In order to receive full credit for the participation grade, however, students must come prepared to class and contribute to the lectures by asking/answering relevant questions and participating in any in-class activities.
Writing Assignment, Letter to the Editor
Each student will choose a controversial issue related to archaeology, museums and cultural heritage. S/he will then take a position and write a persuasive letter to the editor for “publication” in the (fake) newspaper, Monmouth Times.
Writing Assignment, Book Review
Write a book review of the Medici Conspiracy. Please evaluate the book and its coverage of the illegal trade of antiquities. You may wish to read book reviews from Bryn Mawr Classical Reviews for inspiration.
Debate, Elgin Marbles
All students will participate in a structured debate arguing for or against the repatriation of the Elgin Marbles.
Extra Credit
Students have several opportunities to receive extra credit during the semester, each of which will result in 1% point added to his/her final grade. These opportunities include attendance at AIA Lectures. After attending a lecture, please submit a one-page summary to Dr. Jazwa for full credit.
March 22 (7:30, Pattee Auditorium): A. Koh, “Sweet and Spicy Libations: The Earliest Known Wine Cellar from the Middle Bronze Age Palace at Tel Kabri?”
April 3 (7:30, Pattee Auditorium): K. Lorenzo, “Sacrifices to Spectacles: Intangible Expressions of Naval Victory and their Importance.”
April 27 (7:30, Pattee Auditorium): “Monmouth College Archaeology Research Laboratory: Annual Report.”

Class Rules
Please maintain respect for the instructor and your fellow classmates. I require all students not to interrupt the class, never use cell phones (even silently!), avoid leaving class early or entering late (unless with permission from the instructor), and pay attention during lectures.

Course Engagement Expectations
This course meets twice a week for one hour and fifteen minutes. Students are expected to spend an average of one and a half hours per week in preparation for the writing projects. Students are also expected to spend two hours per class on reading assignments and two hours for studying/writing/other out of class preparation and assignments. In all, students are expected to devote ten hours per week to the “World Archaeology” course.

HR: Heritage Reader
MC: Medici Conspiracy
O: Online Copy
March 14 (T) Introduction
March 16 (R) Archaeology and Identity, Kennewick Man and NAGPRA
O: “The Kennewick Man Finally Freed to Share his Secrets” Smithsonian
HR: “Conflict in the Archaeology of Living Traditions” pp. 256-273
March 21 (T) Identification and Study, Destructive vs. Non-destructive
O: “Archaeology from Space” TED Talk (video)
O: “The Archaeological Excavation – Destructive?” THEARCHAEOANTHROPOLOGIST
March 23 (R) Permanent and Travelling Displays, Terracotta Army
HR: “Excavation as Theater” pp. 75-81
HR: “Presenting Archaeology to the Public, Then and Now” pp. 427-456
O: “Historical Museum Intentionally Courts Controversy” Washington Times
March 28 (T) Forgery, Gospel of Jesus’s Wife, Piltdown Man and Shinichi Fujimura
O: “Did Jesus have a Wife?” Atlantic
O: “Meet a ‘Stone Age’ Man so Original, He’s a Hoax” NY Times
O: “Piltdown Man: Infamous Fake Fossil” LiveScience
March 30 (R) Archaeology and Religion, Temple Mount and Shroud of Turin
O: “Why Shroud of Turin’s Secretes Continue to Elude Science” National Geographic
O: “The Trouble at Temple Mount” The Economist
HR: “The Politics of the Past” pp. 177-190
April 4 (T) Who Owns the Past?, FYROM/Macedonia
**Writing Assignment 1 Due, Letter to the Editor**
HR: “Whose Heritage?” pp. 219-228
O: “FYROM Name Issue” MFA Hellenic Republic
O: “Archaeology Magazine Letter to the Editor” Archaeology
April 6 (R) Backyard Archaeology, Native American Material and Metal Detectors
**Meet in the Archaeology Lab, Hewes 11A**
O: “’Diggers,’ ‘American Digger’TV Shows Said to Promote Looting of Archaeological Sites” Huffington Post
O: “Development, Looting, and Collecting: Destructive Acts that Harm Archaeological Sites” PAST Post
O: “UK Code of Practice for Responsible Metal Detecting” Portable Antiquities Scheme
April 11 (T) Archaeology and War, Timbuktu and Bamiyan Buddhas
O: “Timbuktu’s Destruction” Time
O: “The Man who helped blow up the Bamiyan Buddhas” BBC News
April 13 (R) Archaeology and War, Iraq Museum and Palmyra
O: “National Museum, Baghdad – 10 years Later” Archaeology
O: “Palmyra – Before and After Isis” Reuters (photos)
O: “Isis’s Destruction of Palmyra” Guardian
April 18 (T) Antiquities Trade, Shiva Sripuranthan Nataraja and ISIS
O: “The Last Dance?” Apollo
O: “The Real Values of the ISIS Antiquities Trade” The New Yorker
April 20 (R) Restoration of Artifacts, Getty Museum
**Book Review Due**
MC: Read Entire Text
April 25 (T) Restoration of Artifacts, Elgin Marbles and Machu Picchu
O: “Why are the Eglin Marbles so Controversial” Telegraph
O: “Yale Returns Machu Picchu Artifacts to Peru” NPR (article and podcast)
April 27 (R) Public Interaction, Tulum and Stonehenge
HR: “Stonehenge – A Final Solution?” pp. 524-535
O: “Mr. Bieber, Sir, we must insist that you put your butt away” NY Magazine
May 2 (T) Final Debate

You are now knowledgeable of the controversies and debates concerning antiquities, archaeological material, and museum display. Please choose a topic of controversy and write a persuasive argument defending your position. This writing assignment should be framed as a “letter to the editor” in the national bestselling (fake) newspaper, The Monmouth Times. You may choose a topic that we discuss in class (except the Elgin Marbles or the Getty Museum) or find a topic of interest that we do not cover in class.
Due: April 4, 11:00 AM (a hard copy is required for the assignment to be graded)
1 page, double-spaced, 10-12 font, 1” margins (or less)

Write a book review of the Medici Conspiracy. Please evaluate the book and its coverage of the illegal trade of antiquities. This should be more than just a synopsis of the text. Consider the strengths of the book as well as the weaknesses and issues/topics that might strengthen the narrative. You may wish to read book reviews from Bryn Mawr Classical Reviews for inspiration.
Due: April 20, 11:00 AM (a hard copy is required for the assignment to be graded)
2 pages, double-spaced, 10-12 font, 1” margins (or less)

The class will be divided into two team and each assigned a position, for or against, the repatriation of the Elgin Marbles. You will deliver a 2 minute, persuasive speech that is well supported by evidence. Each speaker should offer unique, but complementary evidence and arguments. You will be graded on your speech individually and your team’s ability to deliver a persuasive rhetorical argument
Due: May 2, 11:00 AM
Please meet with your team prior to the debate and your overall organization.
Consider delivery, energy and rhetorical style when preparing your speech
The teams will take turns speaking.


Students in need of special accommodations related to the curriculum, instruction and/or assessment methods should not hesitate to contact the instructor. Your learning is valued, and every effort will be made to ensure that you are able to fully engage with course readings and other audio/visual materials, as well as participate in class discussions and activities. Please be assured that the instructor maintains a strict confidentiality agreement.
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Please note that the above listing re: academic dishonesty is not exhaustive. (Policy as stated, in-part, in the 2009-2010 Monmouth College Scot’s Guide).
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The Monmouth College Writing Center offers unlimited, free peer tutoring sessions for students at MC. Peer writing tutors work with writers from any major, of any writing ability, on any type of writing assignment, and at any stage of their writing processes, from planning to drafting to revising to editing. The Writing Center is located on the 3rd floor of the Mellinger Teaching and Learning Center, and is open Sunday-Thursday 7-10pm and Monday-Thursday 3-5pm on a firstcome, first-served basis. No appointment necessary! Visit the website for more information.
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The Teaching and Learning Center offers FREE resources to assist Monmouth College students with their academic success. Programs include Supplemental Instruction for difficult classes, drop-in and appointment tutoring, and individual academic coaching. The TLC is here to help students excel academically. TLC services are not just for struggling students, but can assist all students to get better grades, practice stronger study skills, and manage time. Visit Dana and Rita at the TLC on 2nd floor Poling Hall from 8am-4:30pm or online at We can also be reached at: or 309-457-2257 Like the TLC on Facebook: