The Colosseum, more accurately called the Flavian Amphitheater, was opened more than 1900 years ago. From its subterranean chambers, to its sand-covered floor, to its adjustable cloth shade, it was a marvel of planning and construction.

The name came from Nero's giant statue that stood outside, but it stuck to the

huge structure after the statue disappeared.

The Forum has been undergoing a lot of change in recent years. Most pleasant are the many fountains that provide tasty cold water to every corner of the Palatine Hill.

On a hot day--and it is always hot in the summer months--that is a welcome refreshment.