Journal of Baltic Studies, January 1991-June 1994, with Roger Noël, then James Betts; associate editor, 1994-present; book review editor, 1994-2000.

Proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Conference, 9(1992), with Gregory Guzman of Bradley University.


"Writing Family History," The Heritage of Vermilion County [Danville, Illinois], (Spring, 1971), 10-11.

"Saint Mary and the Dragon-Killer," Marian Library Studies, 2(1971), 89-94.

"The Original Juvinall Home," The Heritage of Vermilion County, (Summer, 1972), 14.

"Polybius Visits Campus," Educational Record, 53(Summer, 1972), 256-7.

"I Have Almost Become Desperate Over the Thought of Dying a Poor Man," True West, 20(Oct., 1972), 30-33, 58-9.

"The Half-Man Syndrome," Educational Record, 53(Fall, 1972), 337-8.

"That Joint Down by the River." Frontier Times, 47(Nov. 1973), 13, 50-1.

"The Juvenal Trail Drive of 1870," Kansas Historical Quarterly, 39(Summer 1973), 200-205.

"On the Trail of Gabe Hans,” Old West, 9(Winter, 1973), 26-7, 64.

"The Organization of the Defense of the Livonian Frontier," Speculum, 48(July, 1973), 525-32.

"The Robbery of the Sylvan Bank," Old West, 10(Fall, 1973), 24-5, 38.

"Religion in the Medieval Baltic," Lituanus, 19/1(1973), 49-54.

"The Military Occupation of Semgallia in the Thirteenth Century," Baltic History (Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1974), 21-34.

"The Prussian-Lithuanian Frontier of 1242," Lituanus, 21/4(1975), 5-18.

"Martin of Golin," Lituanus, 22/4(1976), 45-59.

"Redating the Expedition of Anno of Sangerhausen to Sambia," Journal of Baltic Studies, 7/4(1976), 320-29.

"Henry Monte and the Prussian Rising of 1260," Lituanus, 24/2(1978), 5-20.

"Monmouth College in the Civil War," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, 71(February 1978), 13-21.

"When the Wild West Went to Florence," Illinois Quarterly, 40(Spring 1978), 5-21; revised text in Festschrift for Janet Smith (Monmouth College 2012).

"The Diplomacy of the Teutonic Knights at the Curia," Journal of Baltic Studies, 9/2(1978), 116-28.

"The Wendish Princes and the `Drang nach Osten,'" Journal of Baltic Studies, 9/3(1978), 225-244.

"The Sense of Humor among the Teutonic Knights of the Thirteenth Century," Illinois Quarterly, 42(1979), 40-7.

"Wyatt Earp was born here: Monmouth and the Earps, 1845-1859," Western Illinois Regional Studies, 3(Fall, 1980), 154-67.

"The Nationality of Balthasar Russow," Journal of Baltic Studies, 12/2(1981), 160-172. (Shared 1983 Award of Dr. Arthur Puksov Foundation for original research in Estonian history.)

"The Pursuit of Knowledge," "Off to War," and "Native Sons." Born of the Prairie [Sesquicentennial History of Monmouth, Illinois] (Monmouth, Illinois, 1981), 89-93, 109-114, 115-118.

"He Died in Mexico," True West, 28(Dec. 1981), 54-6.

"The Correct Translation of `Ruce'," Journal of Baltic Studies, 13/1(1982), 12-18.

"Locating the Castle of St. George in Karsova (1259-1260)." Lituanus, 29/1(1983), 5-19.

"Balts and Baltic Peoples," The Dictionary of the Middle Ages (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1982f), II, 61-8.

"The Origin of the Livonian War, 1558," Lituanus, 29/3(1983), 11-25.

"When was Chaucer's Knight in `Ruce'?" Chaucer Review, 18(1984), 347-53.

With Jerry C. Smith, "Peter von Suchenwirt", Lituanus, 31/2(1985), 5-26.

"How to Teach the Crusades," Teaching the Middle Ages (ed. Robert Graybill et al. Kirksville, Missouri: Northeast Missouri State University, 1984), 133-38.

"Lübeck," The Dictionary of the Middle Ages, VII, 679-84.

"Der Deutsche Orden in amerikanischen Schulbücher," Beiträge zur Geschichte des Deutschen Ordens (Ed. Udo Arnold. Marburg: Elwert, 1986) [Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte des Deutschen Ordens], I, 111-122.

"The Conversion of Lithuania," Lituanus, 33/4(1987), 12-22.

"The Teutonic Order at the Council of Constance." Estudios de Historia de la Iglesia y de las Instituciones Eclesiasticas en Europa (ed. Manuel Peláez. Barcelona, 1989), XIV, 4043-63.

"The Teutonic Order and the Christianization of Lithuania." La cristianizazione della Lituania (ed. Paulius Rabikauskas. Vatican: Editrice Vaticana, 1989), 105-135.

"Valdemar II" and "Wladislaw Jagiello and Jadwiga," Great Lives from History: Ancient and Medieval Series (Frank Magill, ed. 5 vols. Engelwood Cliffs, New Jersey: Salem Press, 1988), V, 2202-5, 2344-8.

"Roger Bacon and the Teutonic Knights," Journal of Baltic Studies, 19/4(1988), 331-38.

"Nicholaus Copernicus," Great Lives from History: Renaissance and Modern (5 vols. Ed. Frank Magill. Engelwood Cliffs, New Jersey: Salem Press, 1989), I, 519-22.

“The Temperance Movement in Monmouth, 1857-1859, Western Illinois Regional Studies (Fall 1990), 32-46.

"The Amazin' Albert Morris Bagby," Monmouth Newse, 5/2(winter 1990), 16-17.

"Monmouth's Washington (Iowa) Connection," Monmouth Newse, 5/4(1990), 14-16.

"Renaissance Humanism in Prussia: Early Humanism in Prussia," Journal of Baltic Studies, 22/1(Spring 1991), 29-73

"Renaissance Humanism in Prussia: the Court of the Grandmasters," Journal of Baltic Studies, 22/2(1991), 95-122.

"Straw for our Bricks: what we need to teach today," Faculty Forum [Monmouth College], 4(1991), 3-7.

"Renaissance Humanism in Prussia: Nicholas Copernicus, Humanist Politician," Journal of Baltic Studies, 22/3(1991), 195-232.

"The Early Roman Republic: Virtue as the Basis of Government," Foxfestschrift. A Collection of Writings in Honor of Bernice L. Fox on Her 80th Birthday (ed. Thomas J. Sienkewicz. Monmouth: Monmouth College, 1992), 178-191.

 "Implications of the Past for the Future of the Baltic States," Lituanus, 37\4(1991), 65-75; reprinted in Lithuania in 1991 (ed. Algimantas Taknas. Sandy Bay, Tasmania: Lithuanian Studies Society, 1992), 144-154.

"Post-Revolutionary Government in America and in the Baltic States," Lituanus, 38\3(1992), 88-92.

"Characteristics of medieval warfare in the Baltic," Der Deutsche Orden in Livland (ed. Norbert Angermann. Köln: Böhlau, scheduled 1994) [Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte des Deutschen Ordens] in press.

"Medieval Baltic Numismatics," Journal of Baltic Studies, 24/1(Spring 1993), 37-52.

"Ethnic Tensions in the Baltic," Lituanus, 39/1(Spring 1993), 67-76.

"The Teutonic Knights and the Baltic Crusades," Historian, 56/3(Spring 1994), 519-530.

"Parallels in Ibsen's The Doll House," Festschrift in honor of Charles Speel (Monmouth College, 1995), 389-395.

"The People versus Nicholas P. Earp," Illinois Historical Review, 90 (Fall 1997), 173-190. Winner of the Harry E. Pratt Award 1998 by the Illinois Historical Society.

"The Renaissance in Russia" and "The Renaissance in the Baltic," Encyclopedia of the Renaissance (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2000).

"Teutonic Knights Bring Baltic Region Under Catholic Control," "Battle of Tannenberg," "Council of Constance," and "Second Peace of Thorn," Chronology of European History (3 volumes. Englewood Hills NJ: Salem Press, 1997), III, 353-356, 426-428, 428-430, 446-447.

"Rethinking the Crusades," Perspectives [newsletter of the American Historical Association, 36/7 (October 1998), 25-29.

"Victims of the Baltic Crusade," Journal of Baltic Studies, 29/3 (Fall 1998), 195-212.

"An Historical Overview of the Crusade to Livonia." originally on ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies.

"Monmouth College at the Turn of the Century," Scots Newse (Spring 1999), 16-19.

"The Teutonic Knights", in Medieval Trade, Travel and Exploration in the Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia (New York: Garland, 2000), 596-597.

"Deutschorden" in Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia (New York: Garland, 2001), 163-164.

"Teutonic Knights’ Wars with Poland (1309-1466)" and "Thirteen Years’ War (1454-1466)", in Magill’s Guide to Military History (ed. John Powell. Pasadena: Salem, 2000), 15171-1518, 1526-1527.

"The Frontier Thesis and the Baltic Crusade," Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1140-1500 (Ed. Alan V. Murray. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 45-71.

"Teutonic Knights' Wars with Poland (1309-1466)," "Thirteen Years' War (1454-1466)", and "Nicopolis (1396)" in Magill's Guide to Military History (ed. John Powell. Pasadena: Salem, 2000), 1517-1518, 1526-1257.

"The Renaissance in Russia" and "The Renaissance in the Baltic," Encyclopedia of the Renaissance (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1999).

“Grounds for Caution,” Old West Chronicle, 3 (April 2002), 1-4.

“Reflections on the Process of Transition 1919-1922 and 1989-1922”, Lituanus, 49:1 (2003), 39-47.


Nicholas Earp’s Iowa Lands

Reflections of the Process of Transition 1919-1922 and 1989-1992”, Lituanus, 49/1 (Spring 2003), 39-47.

“The Livonian War 1558-1583”, Great Events from History: 1454-1600 (Pasadena: Salem Press, 2004), .


“Crusades in Europe,” Chapter 6 of Crusades: the Illustrated History (London: Duncan Baird, 2004), 128-141.


"How to Publish," Faculty Forum (March 2006).

"Sam Thompson", Faculty Forum (Fall 2006).

"Roger Bacon", "The Baltic Crusades: Prussia, Livonia, Finland," and "Samogitia," in The Crusades, An Encyclopedia (ed. Alan V. Murray. 4 volumes. ABC-Clio, 2006), I, 129, 145-151, IV, 168-9.

“How to Publish,” Faculty Forum (Monmouth College, 2006).


Baltics: “Early and High Medieval,” “Late Medieval (1300-1500)”, “Saule, Battle of,” “Swantopelk, Duke of Pomerania,” in Medieval Warfare and Military Technology (Oxford, 2009)


“Lübeck,” in Great Cities in History (London: Thames and London, 2009), 124-7.


“The Teutonic Knights and the Northern Crusades,” The Medieval World At War (London: Thames & Hudson, 2009).


“Tannenberg Today,” Proceedings of Grunwald Conference 2010


"OC Bell," Monmouth, the Monmouth College Magazine, 26/1 (Winter 2011), 28-29.


“The Prince of Monmouth Athletics,” Monmouth, the Monmouth College Magazine, 26/1 (),


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